Difference between Obstetrics and Gynecology
Windowofworld.com – Obstetrics and gynecology are different branches of medicine. Obstetrics is focused on handling pregnancy and childbirth, while gynecology is focused on handling female reproductive problems.
Although both are different, these two branches of science cover the two biggest health problems in women so that they are incorporated in a specialization called the OBGYN. This specialist doctor is given the title of Obstetrics & Gynecology Specialist.
Services Provided by Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialists
Obstetrics is a branch of medicine that deals with pregnancy and childbirth, including processes before, during, and after a woman gives birth.
Gynecology is a branch of medicine that focuses on the health of the female body and reproductive organs. This branch covers diagnosis, treatment, and treatment of diseases related to female reproductive organs.
Pregnant women usually visit obstetricians and gynecologists for routine antenatal examinations and care, which is an examination of the condition of the pregnancy and preparation for delivery. The timeframe varies according to the doctor’s recommendations during pregnancy, but they will see a doctor regularly every trimester.
One of the reasons many women choose treatment by obstetricians and obstetricians for their pregnancy is because they feel more comfortable after understanding the condition of the fetus and the pregnancy in more detail.
The focus of obstetric care is also done to examine abnormalities during pregnancy and childbirth, including:
- Ectopic pregnancy, or pregnancy outside the womb
- Placental abruption, which is the placenta released from the uterus prematurely
- Preeclampsia, which is characterized by high blood pressure, swelling of the legs, and the release of protein through urine
- Pregnancy, aged above or above 35 years
- High-risk pregnancies, for example in pregnant women who also have diabetes or high blood pressure
- Premature birth
- Baby’s shoulder is stuck during childbirth (shoulder dystocia)
- Umbilical cord (Prolapsed umbilical cord), which is the umbilical cord that comes out ahead of the baby, then pinched
- Bleeding during or after delivery
- Uterine rupture, a tear in the lining of the uterus
- Sepsis that occurs due to labor complications
Gynecological services aim at the health of the female reproductive organs, from the vagina, uterus, ovaries, to the fallopian tubes. Gynecological services can also include handling problems related to women’s breasts.
Some services that can be handled by gynecologists include:
- Vaccination against human papilloma virus (HPV)
- Urinary tract infection
- Sexually transmitted disease
Other Conditions that Require Obstetricians and Gynecologists
In addition to pregnancy in general, there are several situations that also require the services of a specialist obstetrician and gynecologist, namely:
- Examination for premarital preparation
- Pregnancy programs for couples who want to have a pregnancy or infertile partner
- Family Planning Program (KB)
- Advanced direction to prevent or reduce the impact of pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia or placenta previa
- Pap smear for early detection of cervical cancer
- Examination related to genetic factors for pregnancy preparation
- Post mortem services for crimes such as rape and abortion
Obstetrics and gynecology examinations have many advantages for maternal and child health. The presence of obstetricians is expected to help increase awareness about the importance of maternal and child health, reproductive health, and reduce morbidity and mortality rates for mothers and children.