What is the Occupational Therapy Procedure?
Windowofworld.com – People who experience health problems that are unable to carry out daily activities, can consider occupational therapy as a treatment step. Through this therapy, patients will be trained so they can become more independent.
Before it is decided to undergo occupational therapy, the doctor will first identify the extent of the patient’s difficulties in carrying out daily activities and determine the diagnosis of diseases that cause the patient to experience physical, mental, or social obstacles.
If daily activities, such as getting dressed or eating, are difficult to do without the help of others, then occupational therapy can be a way out. People who experience physical, mental, and cognitive impairment due to age or certain diseases are also advised to undergo this therapy.
What do occupational therapy services look like?
The type of occupational therapy given will be adjusted to the age, occupation or daily activities, and the needs of the patient. Occupational therapy services usually cover the following three things:
1. Individual evaluation
In an individual evaluation, the patient, the patient’s family, and the doctor will jointly determine what to achieve through this therapy. The doctor will also determine the diagnosis of diseases that cause the patient to need occupational therapy.
2. Intervention planning
After that, the doctor will determine the type of therapy and exercise according to the patient’s needs. The focus of therapy and exercises provided is to enable patients to return to their activities independently, for example washing, cooking and dressing without the help of others.
3. Evaluate the results
Evaluation is carried out to ensure that the results of occupational therapy are in accordance with the goals set at the start of therapy. This evaluation is also needed to make other plans of action if necessary, so that the results of therapy can be better.
Occupational therapy is carried out under the supervision of a medical rehabilitation specialist. This specialist doctor will accompany the patient during therapy, provide recommendations for assistive devices according to patient needs, and teach how to use them. The doctor will also provide guidance to family members and caregivers to accompany and care for patients at home.
Who Needs Occupational Therapy
The main goal of occupational therapy is to improve the patient’s quality of life. Occupational therapy is specifically needed by:
- People who are recovering and returning to work after suffering a work-related injury.
- People who suffer from physical and mental disorders from birth.
- People who suddenly develop serious health conditions, such as stroke, heart attack, brain injury, or phantom limb syndrome after undergoing an amputation.
- People who have chronic diseases, such as arthritis, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
- People with mental or behavioral problems, such as Alzheimer’s disease, autism, or ADHD, post-traumatic stress disorder, substance abuse, or eating disorders.
In addition to adults, this therapy can also be given to children who suffer from certain conditions, such as:
1. Down Syndrome
Occupational therapy can be used for children with Down syndrome. This condition arises due to a genetic disorder that causes disruption in physical and mental development, resulting in difficulty in learning.
2. Cerebral palsy
Another condition that also requires occupational therapy is cerebral palsy, which is a disorder of the brain and nervous system, resulting in abnormal movements and coordination of the child’s body.
Occupational therapy can also be used for children with dyspraxia, in which there is impaired movement and coordination skills.
4. Learning disabilities
Children who have learning difficulties, for example because of growth and development problems, also need occupational therapy.
Children with special needs will usually be guided by doctors, psychologists, therapists, and teachers at school, in learning and doing daily activities, such as reading, writing and maintaining body hygiene (bathing and brushing their teeth). The goal is that they can live independently in the future.
If there are family members or friends who have the above conditions, then there is nothing wrong if you advise them to undergo occupational therapy. To get this therapy, you need to consult a doctor first.