6 Types of Pregnancy Checks After First Knowing Pregnant
Windowofworld.com – Pregnancy checks need to be done from the first time you know that you are pregnant. The aim is to check the health condition of you and the fetus in the womb. Then, what will be examined in this pregnancy examination?
The main purpose of a series of pregnancy checks is to keep the pregnancy healthy. Not only to evaluate the condition of the mother and fetus, pregnancy examination is also important to monitor the growth and development of the fetus and detect as early as possible abnormalities, both in the mother and fetus.
A series of Pregnancy Examinations that a Pregnant Mother Needs
When performing a pregnancy check-up, your doctor will measure your weight and vital signs, which include blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, and body temperature. The doctor will also conduct a physical examination and examination of the womb, including a Leopold examination.
After that, the doctor may also carry out several supporting examinations, such as:
Complete blood examination is one type of blood tests routinely performed by doctors when carrying out pregnancy checks. The aim is to detect abnormalities that may be experienced by pregnant women or fetuses.
In addition to a complete blood test, tests that are also carried out in a blood test are:
1. Blood type test
If the results of a blood test show that you have rhesus negative and the fetus has rhesus positive, there is a risk of rhesus incompatibility. This condition will cause the baby to experience anemia due to the breakdown of blood cells (hemolytic anemia) when he is born. As a result, babies can experience jaundice.
If you have previously had a blood type and rhesus check, this examination is no longer needed.
2. Hemoglobin (Hb)
Hemoglobin or Hb is an iron-rich protein found in red blood cells. Hb allows red blood cells to distribute oxygen throughout the body and transport carbon dioxide from the entire body to be excreted through the lungs.
Every pregnant woman needs to undergo Hb examination to detect whether there is anemia or lack of blood.
Anemia needs to be prevented and treated because it can interfere with the health of the mother and fetus. Anemia can also increase the risk of premature birth, miscarriage, low birth weight, and postpartum hemorrhage.
3. Blood sugar test
Blood sugar test is a part of routine pregnancy checkups. This examination is important to detect whether pregnant women have gestational diabetes.
4. Screening for infectious diseases
The sooner it is detected, the infection can be treated faster. In addition to preventing the risk of transmission to the fetus, this examination is also important to reduce the risk of transmission of infection to a partner.
5. Genetic examination
This examination is done to determine whether you have a genetic disorder, such as thalassemia, which risks being passed on to the fetus. Genetic examination can also be performed on the fetus by taking a sample of amniotic fluid (amniocentesis) and a fetal blood sampling.
Antenatal urine test
This examination is carried out on urine samples of pregnant women. The aim is to detect whether pregnant women experience certain disorders, such as preeclampsia, urinary tract infections, or diabetes.
An ultrasound examination is performed at least 3 times during pregnancy, namely:
Ultrasound examination in the first trimester or 10-14 weeks of gestation aims to determine gestational age and detect the possibility of multiple pregnancy or abnormalities in the fetus, such as Down syndrome.
Ultrasound examination in the second trimester (weeks 18-20) aims to determine whether there are congenital or congenital abnormalities in the fetus, such as congenital heart defects and neural tube defects.
Ultrasound examination in the 32nd week of pregnancy or entering the third trimester is done if the placenta is above the cervical bone. Ultrasound examination aims to detect the possibility of the condition of placenta previa.
Pregnancy checks should be done regularly so that your health and the fetus can continue to be monitored. Therefore, try not to miss the schedule of antenatal care.
In addition to undergoing routine pregnancy checks, also apply a healthy and balanced nutritious diet, consume prenatal vitamins as recommended by your doctor, drink enough water, do light exercise regularly, and get enough rest to keep your pregnancy healthy.