3 Things to Look For Before Tooth Extraction During Pregnancy
Windowofworld.com – Tooth extraction procedures during pregnancy sometimes need to be done. Especially if the interference on the teeth are very severe and the pain that appears unbearable. However, does tooth extraction during pregnancy risk disrupting the health of the fetus?
The above question is often the reason that makes many pregnant women feel hesitant to do dental care while pregnant. To answer these questions, you should first understand when the right time to do tooth extraction during pregnancy.
When Can You Extract Teeth When Pregnant?
Dental care can be done at any time during pregnancy, especially care in the form of tartar cleaning and dental fillings. However, specifically for severe dental care, such as wisdom teeth extraction (odontectomy), it should only be done at certain times.
If the tooth decay is severe enough, the hole is large enough, the roots of the tooth are infected, or the wisdom teeth suddenly become ill, the dentist will advise pregnant women to pull their teeth. The right time to do this procedure is in the second trimester of pregnancy, which is in the 14th to 20th weeks.
This is because the vital organs of the fetus, such as the heart and brain, are already formed in the second trimester. In addition, in the second trimester, the side effects of this action on the fetus are also relatively lower and pregnant women are generally not so nauseous.
Things to Look For When Extracting Teeth
The most important thing to do when consulting a dentist during pregnancy is to tell the doctor that you are pregnant. That way, doctors can be more careful in determining the drugs and treatments that will be given, including if you have to pull a tooth.
Before taking a tooth extraction, the doctor often needs to do the following procedures:
1. Dental x-ray
Dental x-rays are needed to determine the diagnosis of a disease and see the position of the teeth in the jaw before pulling the teeth. If you are pregnant, this procedure needs to be done very carefully.
Radiation caused when X-rays are not large and actually does not endanger the development of the fetus. Even so, this procedure should be avoided during pregnancy if it is not really necessary.
If dental X-rays really need to be done, don’t forget to tell the laboratory staff that you are pregnant. You are also advised to ask for radiation protection to cover your body when dental X-rays.
Anesthetic that is usually needed when dental treatment is local anesthesia. This anesthesia is given only in the problematic areas of the tooth, so that the patient remains conscious.
Anesthetics can be given in topical form (ointments, sprays, creams, and gels) or injections. Anesthetic drugs that can be used in pregnant women include bupivacaine, lidocaine, mepivacaine. However, these drugs are also only used if the benefits are considered to be greater than the risks.
Before anesthesia, you need to inform the dentist that you are pregnant. That way, the doctor can adjust the type and dose of the anesthetic used, as well as anticipate the risks that may arise.
Before doing tooth extraction, your doctor may give you pain relievers or antibiotics to treat toothache, swollen gums, or other dental problems. However, not all drugs are safe for pregnant women. Therefore, tell your doctor that you are pregnant so that the type of medicine can be adjusted.
Penicillin class of antibiotics, cephalosporin, erythromycin, and clindamycin are safe drugs taken while pregnant.
While tetracycline antibiotics are not recommended for pregnant women because it can cause the baby they are experiencing discolored teeth, especially if the drug is used after 15 weeks of pregnancy.
To be safe, you should regularly check with your dentist since you are planning a pregnancy. That way, if there are cavities or other problems with your teeth, they can be treated immediately before you become pregnant. So, you do not need to worry about the risk of tooth extraction during pregnancy again, right?