Recognize and understand the components of a home network

Recognize and understand the components of a home network

Recognize and understand the components of a home network

If you haven’t decided yet, you will immediately want to network two or more of your computers in your home. You want to be armed to teach with the knowledge of what is needed to connect your computers to each other.

You must first decide which network is the best. If your computer is in the same room, wireless networks should not be considered. Cable with network cable should work properly.

Computers that may be close to each other but cannot be seen are possible and have a telephone jack close to can be easily connected to the HomePNA Network. Hack PCs that are far from each other can be connected to the powerline network, assuming an electrical outlet is nearby.

And when there are computers in different rooms and you want the convenience of moving the system from one room to another, a more expensive Wireless Network is the way. Once you have decided which network type is best for you, knowing what components you need to buy will be very helpful. Let’s look at each network and the components needed to run it.


If your computer is in the same room, a basic network kit can unify your system. Be sure to carefully open each kit or component you buy and do not damage the box that comes in. The aim is to make it easy to restore components if necessary.

The basic kit will have instructions and software for networks that are seen as two NICs. Better known as a Network Interface Card, this NIC is installed in an empty slot on the system unit. The PCI slot is where the card is installed and there is a USB adapter too. The network will need a cable to connect computers and CAT 5 or Category 5 cable is what to look for.

Ethernet networks come in two speeds, namely 10 and 100mbps or megabits per second. Cable networks will also need a Hub or Switch to direct traffic from each system. If you want fast traffic, and don’t, you want to connect switches instead of hubs. If you want all PCs to be connected to the Internet, most kits are equipped with Special Bridging Software that connects systems together.


Wireless networks rely on radio frequencies to send and receive data. Wireless network equipment will offer a choice of wired and wireless connections.

If your computers are connected to each other, IR or Infrared frequencies can be used. But most wireless networks now use Radio Transceiver technology with computers everywhere.

You will need a Wireless Router to connect each PC to the network. A wireless NIC card must be installed on every computer in the network. When you buy your wireless device, note the range in the room.

As you can see when you look at the wireless Router, you have the option to put your computer together if there is a problem with any wireless components. Note the difference between a cable card and a wireless card.


Powerline networks use power cables in your home to transfer data to and from each computer. The powerline network currently runs between 50kbps or Kilobits Per Second and 350kbps.

This network has a disadvantage behind it will have a lot of electrical noise which will cause the network to lose speed. And other PC users can peek at your computer if they know how.

This network will require a Router for data transfer and a nic card for each system. Bridges will be needed for access to the internet. This Bridges can be used with your Router.


The components you need on the Home Network are close to the Wireless network components. In most cases, the 10mbps network speed is fast enough for home users.

Computers are connected by a Switch, gateway, or Router to share Internet access and to send data to each computer through the telephone line network. This network is considered the easiest to install.

Phoneline Network Adapters installed on each PC. A USB port or Universal Seriel Bus connection is the most commonly used adapter for the Phoneline network. To reduce channel noise, a Phone Filter may be needed. If you plan to connect the telephone and line in one telephone jack. You have to invest in Line Splitter. Make sure every computer in the network is close to the telephone jack.

The Phoneline network is considered cheaper. More reliable and faster when compared to the Powerline network.

In short, all networks will need some type of adapter that is inserted into the computer. Each network will need a hub, switch, or router to transfer data. Windows 98, Me, and XP will have the software needed to make everything work together. Adapters and other hardware will come with device driver software that allows hardware to talk to the computer.

We have seen at a glance the hardware needed for a network of two or more computers. Connecting hardware is rather simple when we set up our computer networks using wireless technology. Learn everything you can about PC networking and you will be grateful to have this knowledge if you experience computer problems.

Since we have already seen the basic network components, it’s time to see how each component is installed and connected. When we will see how to move data from one machine to another and share the internet using broadband with DSL or cable modem Remember to enjoy learning about your computer by doing as many tasks as possible without causing damage to your computer. system.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here