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5 Causes and Treatment of Rectal Bleeding


5 Causes and Treatment of Rectal Bleeding

Windowofworld.com – Rectal bleeding can make sufferers feel scared. This condition is usually only realized when seeing feces that contain blood, or when there are spots of blood stuck to the tissues, pants, and toilet after defecation.

Blood that appears in rectal bleeding is usually bright red, but sometimes it can also be darker red, depending on the underlying cause.

Various Causes of Rectal Bleeding

Rectal bleeding does not always indicate a serious problem and often can still be treated at home. However, that does not mean this condition can be taken lightly. Therefore, it is important to do a doctor’s examination if bleeding from the anus occurs continuously or accompanied by other symptoms.

In general, rectal bleeding can be caused by several conditions, such as:


1. Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids or medically known as hemorrhoids, occur when blood vessels around the anus or rectum dilate. In addition to bleeding anus, this condition can also be characterized by pain, itching, and swelling around the anus.

2. Inflammatory bowel

Intestinal inflammation is a long-term disease that is generally characterized by symptoms such as fever, diarrhea, fatigue, pain or cramps around the stomach, decreased body weight, or decreased appetite.

3. Diverticulitis

Diverticulitis is inflammation that occurs in the digestive tract, precisely in the diverticula, the sacs that form along the digestive tract, especially in the large intestine. Diverticulitis is generally experienced by people aged 40 years and over with symptoms of abdominal pain, bowel movements accompanied by mucus, constipation, diarrhea, and stomach feeling bloated.

4. Anal abscess

This condition is characterized by pain around the anus due to infections that occur in the small glands in the anal wall. In addition, people with anal abscesses may experience constipation, irritation of the skin around the anus, until the discharge of pus from the anus.

5. Fissure ani

Anal fissure is a wound found in the skin tissue around the anus. This condition can be caused by friction with hard or large stool. This condition is usually characterized by itching, burning, or pus from the anus.

In addition to some of the conditions above, rectal bleeding can also be caused by anal cancer, colon cancer, colon polyps, Crohn’s disease, diarrhea, or because of the effect of radiation therapy on the treatment of certain diseases.

How to treat rectal bleeding?

If you find bloodstains on the tissue after passing urine, it is recommended that you do the following:

  • Clean the anus with clean water.
  • Avoid sitting on the toilet too long.
  • Drink at least 8 glasses of water per day.
  • Increase consumption of fibrous foods.
  • Avoid straining too hard when defecating.
  • If necessary, compress the anal area with ice cubes to reduce pain.
  • Avoid alcoholic drinks because it can worsen the conditions experienced.
  • If it is caused by hemorrhoids, try using hemorrhoids ointment.

If the problem of rectal bleeding continues, it is recommended to consult a doctor so that it can be examined, so that treatment can be given according to the cause.

You may be given medication in the form of ointments, suppository medications that are inserted into the anus, oral medication, or even recommended for surgery. See a doctor immediately, especially if rectal bleeding is accompanied by dizziness, shortness of breath, nausea, difficulty urinating, blurred vision, or a pale face. The sooner it is handled, the risk for complications will be smaller.

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