Safe Fasting Tips for Pregnant Women to Stay Fit
Fasting in the month of Ramadan is one of the obligations of Muslims around the world. Although pregnant women have the flexibility to not fast, but actually this worship can still be done if the condition of the pregnant woman’s body, the womb, and the fetus that is conceived is healthy.
One study of pregnant women showed that fasting during Ramadan does not affect the weight, length, and size of the fetal head. However, there is a slight increase in the risk of babies born with low weight if pregnant women undergo fasting in the second trimester and third trimester of pregnancy.
If pregnant women who will undergo fasting have a normal weight, a good lifestyle, and get adequate nutrition, then fasting will not have much effect on the fetus, because the body of the pregnant woman can still meet the nutrients the fetus needs.
Fasting Tips for Pregnant Women
The following are some fasting tips for pregnant women to stay fit and keep the fetus healthy:
Stay calm and avoid stress during fasting. Research shows that fasting pregnant women have higher stress hormones, and this can have a bad effect on their health and that of their fetus.
Avoid lifting heavy weights or walking too far. If necessary, reduce tiring household activities. If you feel tired, try to relax and rest a little.
For pregnant women who are working, check whether the office can reduce working hours or provide additional breaks during the fasting month.
Food choices at dawn and breaking is very important for pregnant women who consume foods that contain complex carbohydrates and fiber, such as whole grains, vegetables, and dried fruit.
Avoid sugary foods because they can make blood sugar levels rise and fall quickly. Changes in blood sugar levels that are too fast can cause weakness and dizziness.
Meet the needs of protein from nuts, eggs, fish, and meat that has been cooked.
Limit high-fat and ready-to-eat foods.
Still sufficient drinking water needs per day, which is about 1.5-2 liters each at dawn and breaking. Avoid drinking caffeinated beverages, such as tea and coffee, because of the risk of causing dehydration.
Fasting pregnant women should be alert for symptoms of conditions that might harm the fetus, such as dizziness, fever, vomiting, weakness, fatigue, dry lips, or feeling very thirsty. These symptoms can indicate that pregnant women are dehydrated.
Beware also if there is weight loss in fasting pregnant women, reduced fetal movement in the womb, and pain in the abdomen such as contractions. If you experience it, pregnant women should immediately consult a gynecologist.