4 Causes and Treatment of Seizures in Children

Windowofworld.com – Seizures in children are not always dangerous. However, in some conditions, seizures in children can be a sign of serious health problems. To be aware of it, identify the causes and actions needed when the child has a seizure.

There are many types of seizures in children. There are spasms that cause a child’s body to vibrate uncontrollably, but there are also those that cause it like daydreaming and staring blankly. In serious conditions, seizures can cause loss of consciousness.

Causes of Seizures in Children

Most causes of seizures in children are not known with certainty. However, there are several things that can trigger seizures, such as:

1. Fever

Seizures in children caused by fever are called febrile seizures. This condition is generally harmless and usually occurs in children under 4 years who experience a high fever suddenly. Febrile seizures usually last for a few minutes and will stop on their own.

The cause of febrile seizures is not known with certainty. However, high fever caused by infection, such as chickenpox, flu, otitis media, and tonsillitis, can trigger febrile seizures in children.

2. Epilepsy

Seizures in children can be triggered by epilepsy. If only 30% of children diagnosed with epilepsy will continue to experience recurrence of seizures into adulthood. But in others, seizures can improve with time.

Seizures caused by epilepsy generally have the same pattern and symptoms every time a seizure occurs. Seizures in children with epilepsy are usually triggered when the child lacks sleep, is stressed, is sick or has a fever, goes through hours of eating, overeats, or is exposed to flashes of light that are too bright.

3. Head injury

Seizures in children caused by head injuries generally appear in the first week after a head injury occurs. However, seizures can also appear after more than a week onwards if the injury causes permanent damage to the brain.

4. Meningitis

In serious cases, seizures in children can be caused by meningitis or inflammation of the lining of the brain. Meningitis in children is not only characterized by symptoms of seizures, but also with other symptoms, such as fever, fussiness, headaches, to skin rashes.

Meanwhile, meningitis in infants can be characterized by several other symptoms, such as vomiting, yellow babies, often drowsy or difficult to awaken, decreased appetite or refusing to suckle, lethargic, and not responding when invited to interact.

Handling When a Seizure Occurs in Children

When your child has a seizure, don’t panic. Be calm so that you can provide the following first aid:

  • Place your baby on the floor or a large place.
  • Make sure there are no objects around him so that Little One does not collide.
  • If accompanied by vomiting, keep your child sleeping sideways so as not to choke.
  • Loosen the clothes he wore, especially on the neck.
  • Do not hold your little one’s body movements when a seizure is happening.
  • Do not put anything in his mouth, except on the advice of a doctor.

After the child has given first aid seizures, immediately take him to the doctor, especially if the seizure lasts more than 5 minutes, the skin or lips start to look blue, the child has difficulty breathing, or the seizure is preceded by a head injury.

If seizures in children can stop on their own, you still have to see your child to the doctor, especially if this is the first time he has a seizure. A thorough examination is needed to determine the cause of seizures in children.