5 Ways to Avoid Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Windowofworld.com – Germs that cause sexually transmitted diseases can infect humans through various means, such as through blood, semen, vaginal fluid, saliva, and even skin contact. Sexually transmitted diseases can be avoided by having safe sex and a healthy lifestyle.
Sexually transmitted diseases or sexually transmitted infections can be caused by viruses, bacteria, or parasites. HIV / AIDS, herpes, cervical cancer, genital warts, and hepatitis B are forms of sexually transmitted diseases caused by viruses. Sexually transmitted diseases caused by bacteria include gonorrhea, syphilis, and chlamydia. Whereas caused by parasites is trichomoniasis.
How to Avoid Sexually Transmitted Diseases?
All forms of transmission of this disease can be prevented. Some ways to prevent the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases, including:
1. Having sex with only one person
Avoid changing partners, the greater the number of sexual partners, the greater the risk of sexually transmitted diseases. It is also better not to have sex with someone who changes partners frequently, or who has no known sexual history.
In some conditions, no sexual intercourse at all (abstinence) can be considered the most effective way of preventing sexually transmitted diseases. This step can be applied, especially when the couple is suffering from a sexually transmitted infection.
2. Use a condom
Use latex condoms every time you have sex. Condoms cannot completely prevent disease transmission, but they will be very effective if used properly. Use latex condoms. If you are allergic, choose synthetic condoms, although these types leak more often than latex condoms.
Some sexually transmitted diseases can be prevented by giving adult vaccinations. For example hepatitis B, and genital warts and cervical cancer caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). This HPV vaccination is recommended for girls aged 9-13 years. However, adult women under 26 who have not yet been vaccinated are also advised to do so immediately, considering cervical cancer is the number 2 killer in women.
Hepatitis B vaccine is given three times, with a schedule at months 0, 1 and 6 (for bivalent) or months 0, 2 and 6 (for quadrvalent). Children and adolescents who have not received it, it is recommended to do a series of hepatitis B vaccination.
4. Circumcision of men
Male circumcision has been shown to reduce men’s risk of contracting HIV from sexual intercourse by 60 percent. Another positive impact is that it can help prevent transmission of herpes and HPV infection.
5. Avoid drugs and alcohol
When under the influence of drugs and alcohol, a person’s sexual behavior becomes more difficult to control. The impact, the risk of having sexual intercourse with risk is also higher. Research shows that drug use, especially injecting drugs, is closely related to an increased risk of sexually transmitted diseases.
Many people suffer from sexually transmitted diseases but do not show any symptoms. Therefore, you need to be more vigilant in undergoing sexual relations. In addition to the steps above, regularly checking your sexual health condition and your partner to the doctor is also an important step to avoid sexually transmitted diseases.