Sore Throat: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Windowofworld.com – Children sometimes have a sudden sore throat or an itchy throat. Colds or viruses are usually the cause behind the disease. Dust or pollution in the air can also make your throat feel bad.
However, sore throat is different in that it is caused by bacteria. You need to know whether you or your child has strep throat or other diseases so you can immediately get the right treatment.
Causes of Sore Throat
Sore throat is caused by a streptococcal bacterial infection. The bacteria live in the human nose and throat. Like other infections, strep throat is spread through direct contact.
When a person coughs or sneezes because of a sore throat, they release bacteria-containing droplets into the air which can spread to other people.
You can also get it if you touch something that has a cough or sneeze of a person with strep throat and then touches your eyes, mouth, or nose with your hand. You can also get sick if you share glasses or other personal items with someone who has a sore throat.
Excessive use of the vocal cords can also cause sore throat. Sore throat usually affects children aged 5-15 years, but can also occur in adults.
Sore Throat Symptoms
Sore throat is the main symptom of laryngitis. If you have strep throat, a sore throat can appear quickly. Your throat feels irritated and it is difficult to swallow. Other symptoms of laryngitis can include:
- The tonsils are red and swollen
- White patches in the throat
- Small red spots on the roof of the mouth
- Loss of appetite
- Stomach ache
- Nausea and vomiting
- Call the doctor if you or your child experience these symptoms of strep throat.
How to Treat Sore Throat?
Try drinking warm water so that the sore throat subsides. You can also add honey or ginger as a way to treat sore throat naturally. If it doesn’t get better or gets worse, consult a doctor.
The doctor will prescribe antibiotics to kill the bacteria causing the strep throat infection. Treatment of strep throat usually lasts up to about 10 days. Medicines can make sore throat symptoms heal faster and help prevent other complications of the disease.
Make sure to finish the antibiotics your doctor gives you. Stopping treatment too early can cause some bacteria to be left behind. This can cause you to get sick again. Make sure you or your child are not allergic to antibiotics.
Watch out for nausea / vomiting, pain in ears, head, neck, skin, and joints. Especially if you experience swollen glands, shortness of breath, dark urine, and chest pain.
Tell your doctor right away if these conditions occur, strep throat can lead to more dangerous diseases such as rheumatic fever, a disease that can harm the heart valves. Therefore, sufferers must receive good medical care.
Difference of sore throat, sore throat, and tonsillitis
People sometimes find it difficult to distinguish between sore throat, sore throat, and inflammation of the tonsils (tonsillitis). A sore throat usually subsides or goes away within a day or two, then can be followed by cold symptoms, such as a runny nose and congestion. Generally, the cause of a sore throat is a viral infection, such as a cold or flu or acid reflux or acid reflux.
Meanwhile, strep throat is caused by a streptococcal bacterial infection. The pain is worse and lasts longer than a sore throat. To confirm sore throat, you can do a strep test.
Inflammation of the tonsils (tonsillitis) is inflammation or infection of the tonsils (tonsils). It is more painful and causes a mass of tissue in the back of the throat. Although they are tasked with fighting infection, the tonsils or tonsils can also become infected.
Inflammation of the tonsils can be caused by a viral or bacterial infection. You can experience a quite severe sore throat. In addition, the tonsils are swollen and there may be white or yellow dots. Other symptoms are bad breath, fever, voice changes, difficulty swallowing and swollen lymph nodes in the neck.