15 Medical Procedures in Sports Medicine
Windowofworld.com – Sports medicine is a branch of medicine that focuses on healing and preventing sports-related injuries. In addition, sports medicine also provides medical consultations to help someone live healthier and fitter, especially through sports.
Sports is one way to maintain health. However, exercise can also have a negative impact, especially if done in an inappropriate or excessive way. One of the most common risks is injury.
In addition to overcoming and preventing sports-related injuries, sports medicine can also improve the performance of professional athletes in training or competing.
Scope of Sports Medicine Specialists
Sports medicine combines general medical science with sports science, biomechanics, nutrition, and psychology. Therefore, the scope of sports medicine is very broad.
In the world of medicine, doctors who have special expertise in sports medicine are called sports medicine specialists (SPKO). Some of the tasks are:
- Doing questions and answers about patient complaints and complaints about sports
- Do an examination before exercise
- Determine whether someone is able and safe to exercise
- Assess whether someone is ready to return to sports after an injury
- Providing advice and therapy in accordance with their competence
Another task is to diagnose and overcome conditions that affect a person’s performance in sports. These conditions include:
- Tense or sprained muscles
- Asthma that is triggered by exercise
- Nutritional deficiencies
- Joint dislocation
- Ligament injury
- Cartilage injury
- Growth disc injury
- Injury due to repetitive pressure (overuse injury)
- Body temperature is too high (heat illness) related to exercise
- Inflammation of the tendon (tendinitis)
- Cracks or broken bones
Procedures in Sports Medicine
Sports medicine aims to provide medical services including consultation, physical examination and support, and treatment. In practice, SpKO doctors can be assisted by nutritionists, personal trainers, physiotherapists, and psychologists, as well as working with other medical disciplines, such as surgery, orthopedics, neurology, and medical rehabilitation.
Some of the services that can be provided are:
1. Consultation about sports medicine
Sports medicine consultation is a service that aims to provide input to athletes regarding safe sports techniques, how to prevent injuries when exercising, and how to improve performance when practicing or competing.
2. Medical rehabilitation and physiotherapy
Medical rehabilitation and physiotherapy aim to overcome movement disorders due to problems in muscles, bones, joints, and nerves due to exercise. Some conditions that can be treated with this service are neck or back pain, pinched nerves, and arthritis.
3. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA)
Bioelectrical impedance analysis or body composition analysis is a method for analyzing the ratio of body fat with non-fatty tissue, such as muscles, bones, body organs, and fluids. Through the BIA, doctors can find out whether the athlete’s body composition is normal or not.
4. Spinal-medi mouse
Spinal-medi mouse is an examination with a special tool that is assisted by a computer program to check the shape, function, and performance of the spine, without using radiation exposure.
5. Sports recovery massage
Sports recovery massage is a massage therapy that aims to restore muscle condition or relieve pain due to injury while exercising. Massage can be done throughout the body or centered on certain body parts.
Post-sports massage is also useful to speed up the recovery period and reduce the risk of recurrence of injuries while exercising.
6. Basic fitness test
Basic fitness test is a test to assess the athlete’s fitness level. Some aspects assessed are flexibility and muscle strength, as well as heart and lung function. Through this procedure, doctors can assess whether an athlete is healthy and able to compete.
7. Physical rehabilitation
Physical rehabilitation or physical rehabilitation is performed on patients who have suffered injuries due to training or competing. In addition to healing injuries, physical rehabilitation also helps patients recognize the factors that cause injuries and improve performance after recovery.
The purpose of physical rehabilitation is to diagnose the cause of the injury, relieve inflammation, speed up the healing process, improve fitness, and prevent the patient from forcing his body while exercising.
8. Musculoskeletal rehabilitation
Musculoskeletal rehabilitation is a series of therapies that aim to restore muscle and joint strength. This therapy is used to treat injuries or diseases that cause movement disorders in muscles and joints, such as inflammation of the tendons (tendinitis) and inflammation of the joint bearings (bursitis).
Musculoskeletal rehabilitation consists of several types of therapy, namely physical therapy, occupational therapy, water therapy, and regenerative therapy. A number of these therapies can be done independently or combined with other methods.
9. Injury prevention & sport performance
Injury prevention & sport performance is a program that aims to provide appropriate guidance to patients to prevent injury while increasing performance in sports.
Guidelines provided include correct exercise techniques, proper nutrition, and maintaining physical and mental health through regular medical examinations.
10. Neurological rehabilitation
Neurological rehabilitation or rehabilitation of the nervous system aims to help the healing process of injuries that affect the nervous system, such as head injury (traumatic brain injury) or spinal cord injury.
Patients undergoing nerve rehabilitation will receive counseling, speech therapy and physical therapy services. In addition, patients will also be taught how to use aids and move independently. Generally, handling neurological disorders related to sports will involve neurologists.
11. Spine rehabilitation
Spine rehabilitation is a therapy that aims to relieve pain and restore spinal strength and flexibility after an injury.
Spinal rehabilitation can be done with physiotherapy, administration of medicines, use of walking aids, or therapy with a weak electric current to stimulate the spinal nerves.
12. Wellness program
Wellness programs or fitness programs are methods designed to maintain health and fitness. This program is usually intended for groups, such as office employees.
Some examples of fitness programs are blood sugar control programs for diabetics, weight loss programs for obese people, and smoking cessation programs for smokers.
13. Personal training
Personal training is a service provided by fitness trainers who work closely with sports medicine doctors to help patients do the right exercise so that results are optimal. This is important, especially if the patient is suffering from a particular disease or is recovering from an injury.
Personal training also aims to increase motivation to be healthier. In addition, patients will also be taught safe techniques if they want to do independent training.
14. Injury massage
Injury massage is a massage for patients who suffer injuries after exercising. Post-massage massage aims to relieve pain or tension in the muscles and reduce the formation of scar tissue in the injured muscle.
Some conditions that can be treated by post-injury massage are sprained wrists or legs, strained muscles and broken bones.
15. Tapping therapy
Tapping therapy or emotional freedom technique (EFT) is a therapy to relieve physical pain and deal with stress. EFT is done by tapping the meridian points on the patient’s body to restore the body’s energy balance.
Based on research, EFT is believed to overcome complaints that affect performance in sports, such as insomnia, depression, or anxiety disorders.