Stomach ache during pregnancy, is it dangerous?
Abdominal pain during pregnancy is often a normal thing. However, pregnant women need to be careful if stomach pain is followed by other symptoms or if the pain is very severe. In order not to be mistaken, Bumil needs to recognize the difference between normal and dangerous abdominal pain during pregnancy.
When pregnancy increases, the uterus will continue to develop to make room for the fetus to grow. Enlargement of the uterus can cause pressure on the muscles, joints, and blood vessels around the uterus, causing pain in the stomach of pregnant women.
Abdominal pain due to this condition is normal and will not endanger the health of pregnant women and fetuses. Even so, abdominal pain during pregnancy can also be caused by a serious condition, so it needs a doctor.
Abdominal pain during pregnancy that is not dangerous
In addition to enlarging the size of the uterus, abdominal pain which is categorized as not dangerous can be caused by:
1. Excess gas in the stomach
Gas that accumulates in the digestive tract during pregnancy can make a pregnant woman feel sick stomach. This happens because of the increase in the hormone progesterone which causes the muscles in the digestive tract to relax and digest food more slowly.
When food is longer in the large intestine, more gas will be produced. In addition, the growing uterus can also put additional pressure on the digestive tract, so that the gas in the digestive tract to accumulate.
Symptoms that arise when gas accumulates in the intestine are abdominal pain, chest pain, bloating, more frequent bowel movements, and cramps.
2. Ligament pain
There are two main ligaments or connective tissues that extend from the uterus to the groin and both function to support the uterus. When the uterus is stretched, the ligaments also stretch. This is what makes pregnant women sometimes feel a sharp pain in the abdomen, hips, or groin.
The emergence of pain that usually occurs in the second trimester of pregnancy can be triggered by changes in body position, sneezing, or coughing.
Hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy can trigger constipation. Lack of fiber intake, lack of exercise, or anxiety can also be a cause of constipation during pregnancy. If you experience it, pregnant women may experience abdominal pain, bloating, and having to push when defecating.
4. False contractions
When experiencing contractions, pregnant women will feel the uterus, lower abdomen, or tight crotch, then relax by themselves. There are two types of contractions during pregnancy, namely fake and original contractions. The difference between these two types of contractions is their intensity.
Fake contractions won’t change for the worse over time. While the original contractions will feel heavier and appear more often, followed by signs of labor.
False contractions are a part of normal pregnancy and often occur in the last trimester of pregnancy. Usually this condition does not cause pain. But in certain cases, these contractions may also be painful.
Stomach aches that need to be aware of during pregnancy
Although normal, abdominal pain during pregnancy should not be underestimated, especially if it lasts for 30 minutes to 1 hour, or is accompanied by the following symptoms:
Her skin has blood spots on her vagina
Shivering and fever
Pain when urinating
Nausea and vomiting
Pain in the lower back
The following are some dangerous pregnancy complications that are characterized by abdominal pain:
Miscarriage is sudden fetal death before 20 weeks’ gestation. This condition can be characterized by blood coming out of the vagina accompanied by lumps of tissue, as well as pain or cramps in the abdomen and lower back.
2. Preterm labor
If you experience abdominal pain due to contractions (more than five contractions in an hour) or cramps such as menstruation that occur before 37 weeks of pregnancy, maybe pregnant women will experience premature labor.
Other signs of preterm labor are vaginal bleeding, premature rupture of membranes, and pain in the pelvic or lower back area.
Pregnant women are said to have preeclampsia if their blood pressure continues to increase after 20 weeks of pregnancy and there is an increase in urine protein levels.
Symptoms to watch out for are swelling in certain parts of the body, rapid weight gain, headaches, vision problems, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.
4. Urinary tract infections
Urinary tract infections are characterized by pain in the lower abdomen, pain when urinating, often feel like urinating, and urine smells foul or mixed with blood.
If not treated immediately, this condition can increase the risk of pregnant women experiencing kidney infections or giving birth prematurely.
Chorioamnionitis is a bacterial infection of the placenta and amniotic fluid which causes amniotic fluid to fester and smell. Usually these bacteria come from the vagina or urinary tract that spreads to the amniotic sac.
Chorioamnionitis is characterized by pain in the uterus or stomach, fever, and increased pulse in the mother and fetus. If not treated properly, this condition can cause serious health problems for the mother and fetus.
6. Ectopic pregnancy
Ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that develops outside the uterus. This condition can be asymptomatic. But if you have problems, ectopic pregnancy can cause severe pain such as prickling. This pain often appears on one side of the lower abdomen, accompanied by bleeding from the vagina.
Pain usually gets worse after physical activity or when coughing. In addition, ectopic pregnancy sufferers can also experience sudden fainting.
This condition needs to be treated as soon as possible because of the risk of causing shock that can endanger the lives of Bumil.
7. Placental abruption
Placental abruption is a condition in which the placenta is partially or completely separated from the uterus before the baby is born. This very dangerous condition can cause symptoms such as cramps or contractions that do not go away, bleeding from the vagina, and rupture of membranes accompanied by the presence of blood in the amniotic fluid.
If pregnant women find it difficult to distinguish whether the abdominal pain experienced is normal or not, or if abdominal pain during pregnancy is accompanied by other symptoms and is getting worse, Bumil should immediately consult a gynecologist for examination and treatment.