4 Ways to Treat Stone Urine in Children
Windowofworld.com – What causes stone urine in children? Stone urine is the formation of deep stones, namely the kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra (urinary tract). Stones can form due to a buildup of salt and minerals (calcium, ammonia, uric acid, cysteine) in the urine. Stone urine is not only experienced by adults, but also children.
Stone urine is more common in adults than children. When small children experience stones, it is mostly because they have certain diseases or conditions that risk forming stones. However, there are also children who suffer from stone urination for no apparent reason.
The shape of the stones in the urinary tract can vary, from the size of a pebble to a large stone. The stones can stay where they were formed or move to other parts of the urinary tract.
Stone urine or stones in the urinary tract can block urine flow, cause pain in the waist or lower back, and cause long-term problems if not treated immediately.
Children with bladder stones may experience symptoms of pain when urinating, a sharp pain in the back, waist or lower abdomen, nausea, vomiting, or blood in the urine. The pain can last for a short time or for a long time. However, these symptoms may not occur if the stones that are formed are small and can easily pass out along with the urine.
Handling Stone Urine in Children
Stone urine in children can be treated, depending on the size of the stone, the stone-forming substance, whether the stone is blocking the urinary tract or not, or the stone causes severe symptoms. Small stones usually pass through the urinary system without treatment.
However, children should still be encouraged to drink plenty of fluids to aid in stone movement. In addition, pain relievers can be given if the child is in pain. For urinary stones that are large and block the urinary tract, the doctor may give antibiotics to prevent the infection from continuing. Stones can also be crushed with a stone crusher in the urinary tract.
If the stones in the urinary tract are large enough to block the flow of urine and cause severe pain, your baby may need to be hospitalized for further treatment by a doctor. Some treatments that can be done to treat stone urine in children are:
1.Shock wave lithotripsy (SWL)
This procedure uses a shock wave-producing lithotripter machine to break down kidney stones into smaller particles for easy passage through the urinary tract.
2. Remove the stone with a ureteroscope
Namely by inserting a long tube-like instrument with a bag-like tip (ureteroscope) into the urinary tract, at the end of this tool there is also a camera to see conditions in the urinary tract. The stone in the urinary tract will be removed by the end of the bag.
3. Lithotripsy with a ureteroscope
This procedure uses a laser beam to crush the rock into smaller pieces. The goal is that the stones can pass out of the body easily through urine.
4. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy
The tube will be inserted directly into the kidney through an incision in the back, then the stone is removed using a nephroscope.
Most children with stone bladder recover without long-term complications. However, it would be nice if stone urine in children could be prevented. One easy way to do this is to drink enough water every day. This habit will help thin the urine and prevent the deposition of waste substances that are excreted by the kidneys.