3 Causes and Treatment of Stretch Marks for Pregnant Women
Windowofworld.com – Stretch marks are a common thing experienced by pregnant women. This happens due to stretching of the skin during pregnancy. If not anticipated, its appearance can reduce self-confidence.
Strech mark usually appears when pregnancy gets bigger. It is not uncommon for pregnant women who later claimed to worry that their skin would not return to normal, even after giving birth.
Reasons for Stretch Marks
Pregnancy makes some parts of the body bigger, and the skin then adapts to these changes. As gestational age increases and the abdomen widens, the elastic fibers under the surface of the skin break and eventually form fine lines called stretch marks.
The appearance of stretch marks is marked with a purplish red color on the surface of the skin. In some people this may also be accompanied by itching.
Breasts and abdomen become the two areas most vulnerable to the appearance of stretch marks. However, stretch marks can also appear on other body parts, such as buttocks, thighs, upper arms.
Some conditions during pregnancy can increase the risk of stretch marks forming. Among them are excessive weight gain, large babies or twins, and pregnancy with excess amniotic fluid.
In addition to the condition of pregnancy, there are also several things that can trigger the appearance of stretch marks, such as:
1. Genetic factors
If your mother had experienced it while she was pregnant, then you will most likely have experienced it while pregnant later.
2. Pregnant at a young age
This is because the skin of someone who is still too young, can experience more stretching, so that the possibility of stretch marks arising becomes greater.
3. Stretch marks have arisen during puberty
Not just because you are pregnant, stretch marks can also occur when you experience puberty where hormones are soaring, which is often accompanied by an increase in body size both height and weight. If you have had fine lines on your hips, thighs, breasts or buttocks as a teenager, then you are more likely to have more stretch marks during pregnancy.
Tips to Prevent Stretch Marks When Pregnant
There are several things you can do to minimize the appearance of stretch marks, including:
- Familiarize yourself with eating healthy foods during pregnancy, such as fruits, vegetables, cereals, and grains. Foods like this contain lots of nutrients that are sufficient to maintain healthy skin.
- Performing pregnancy exercises, to keep the skin elastic.
- Use lotion on the body to make your skin feel more moist, supple, and reduce itching.
- Vitamin E contains antioxidants that are good for skin health. Taking vitamin E supplements or applying vitamin E cream on the surface of the skin can disguise stretch marks. But remember, you should consult with your doctor before using it.
- Avoid foods that are high in fat, high in salt, and contain chemical additives (additives) such as preservatives, because they can cause swelling during pregnancy.
- Drink at least 2 liters of water every day, so that the skin becomes supple and no less fluid.
- Use products that are specially formulated to maximize skin elasticity, as recommended by a dermatologist.
How to Overcome Stretch Marks
In general, stretch marks will fade by themselves 6-12 months after you give birth. Scars that were originally reddish will fade to become paler. However, the level of fading strokes each person will be different, depending on the color of his skin.
If you feel disturbed by the appearance of stretch marks, there are several ways you can do to disguise it, such as:
1. Hyaluronic acid gel with onion extract
Research shows, the use of a gel that contains a mixture of onion extract and hyaluronic acid, effective to fade stretch marks after 12 weeks of routine use.
2. Retinoids (vitamin A)
Using retinoids (vitamin A) can stimulate new cell formation and accelerate the growth of new collagen. The result, the skin becomes healthier and more beautiful. But, pregnant and nursing women should consult with a dermatologist before using it.
Perform skin care with a laser beam, proven to be able to fade stretch marks on the surface of the skin. Laser light that provides a heat effect on the skin, can increase collagen growth, so that the blood vessels that originally widened will shrink. However, to get maximum results, you are advised to do several treatments.
The steps above you can do after consulting a dermatologist. The dermatologist will examine your skin, then determine the best treatment procedure according to your skin type and the results you expect. So don’t worry anymore about stretch marks when you are pregnant!