4 Causes and Treatment of Swollen Eyes
Windowofworld.com – Swollen eyes can be caused by many things. However, regardless of the cause, these symptoms can be alleviated through a few simple treatments. Check out the following article to find out the causes and ways to deal with swollen eyes.
Swollen eyes are basically caused by accumulation of excess fluid in the eyelids or connective tissue around the eyes. This condition can be triggered by various diseases, such as allergies, conjunctivitis, to orbital cellulitis.
Causes of Swollen Eyes
The following is a more complete explanation of the conditions that can cause the eyes to become swollen:
Conjunctivitis is the most common cause of complaints of swollen eyes. This condition is also characterized by other symptoms, such as red eyes, itching, watering, and rubbing. The most common cause of conjunctivitis is a viral infection, but it can also be caused by a bacterial infection or irritation due to certain treatment products, such as shampoo.
Swollen eyes can also be caused by allergies. Allergy sufferers can experience swollen eyes as a symptom when in contact with allergen-triggering substances, such as pollen, dust, or certain foods and medicines.
In addition to swollen eyes, allergies can also be characterized by other symptoms, such as sneezing, nasal congestion, itchy eyes, swollen lips or face, to shortness of breath. These symptoms do not have to always be present when allergies recur. It may appear that only one or a combination of several symptoms.
The next cause of swollen eyes is blepharitis. Symptoms are usually characterized by swollen eyes on the eyelid area and eyes that are red, itchy, runny, and feel lumpy.
The cause of blepharitis is not known with certainty, but it is thought to be triggered by seborrheic dermatitis, infections, blocked oil glands in the eyelids, to the presence of lice on the eyelashes.
4. Orbital cellulitis
Swollen eyes accompanied by symptoms of red eyes, pain when moving the eyeball, blurred vision can be a sign of orbital cellulitis. Orbital cellulitis often occurs in children and can cause blindness if not treated with proper treatment.
Besides being caused by the things above, swollen eyes can also be caused by bumps, cysts, insect bites, injuries, to Graves’ disease.
How to Overcome Swollen Eyes at Home?
Symptoms of swollen eyes can be overcome with a simple treatment at home first. Examples of treatments that can be done to treat swollen eyes are:
1. Compressing swollen eyes
You can compress swollen eyes with a cloth soaked in cold, clean water or by attaching a compress bag filled with ice for 15 minutes, once an hour.
In addition, you can also compress the eyes with tea bags that have been put into the refrigerator. The caffeine content in tea can help relieve swelling.
For certain cases, such as swelling caused by cysts and streaks, warm compresses 4-5 times a day are recommended. This compress is useful to help launch a blockage in the oil gland.
2. Rinse the eyes with a salt water solution
For cases of swollen and runny eyes, try washing your eyes with a solution of salt water or saline solution. This method is considered effective in treating swollen eyes because salt can be attractive. In addition, the antimicrobial properties of salt can reduce swollen eyes caused by infection.
But remember, you must use saline solution purchased at the pharmacy because cleanliness is guaranteed. Using unclean salt water to wash your eyes can actually increase the risk of irritation and infection.
3. Using eye drops
Swollen eyes due to allergies can be treated with drops containing antihistamines which can be obtained at pharmacies. But if the allergies that occur are classified as severe, you need to get a doctor’s treatment.
In addition to the above treatments, make sure you also avoid touching or rubbing your eyes with your hands. Remove contact lenses immediately if you wear them, but wash your hands first. In addition, also avoid activities that are at risk of causing eye injury and exacerbating swelling.
Simple maintenance at home can indeed help overcome swollen eyes. However, you are advised to consult a doctor if the eye swelling does not improve or is accompanied by symptoms such as eye pain, blurred vision, a lump in the eye, and seeing spots that hover.
Your doctor will examine the condition of your eyes to find out the causes and ways to deal with swollen eyes. In cases of swollen eyes caused by infection for example, in addition to suggesting a warm compress, the doctor will also prescribe antibiotic and anti-inflammatory eye drops.