The Dangers of Smoking During Pregnancy
Windowofworld.com – The dangers of smoking during pregnancy are that the fetus has the risk of being exposed to thousands of toxic chemicals, leading to various complications. Starting from premature birth, low birth weight babies to other health problems.
You need to know, carbon monoxide in cigarette smoke can inhibit the flow of oxygen and nutritional intake to the baby in the womb. Oxygen deficiency and nicotine exposure can also slow down the baby’s breathing. In addition, it can make the baby’s heart beat faster. These things can make the baby experience stress in the womb.
Health Problems That May Occur in Mother and Baby
If you are pregnant and have a smoking habit, the baby in the womb has the possibility to experience the risk of:
- Born prematurely.
- Babies are born under normal weight, which makes them more susceptible to infection.
- Increases the risk of sudden infant death syndrome.
- Colic or experiencing pain that can cause crying more than three hours a day.
- Suffer from asthma and prone to infection and inflammation of the respiratory tract.
- Congenital defects in the skull, heart, muscles, limbs and other body parts.
- Behavioral, emotional, and learning ability disorders.
Smoking during pregnancy is not only bad for your little one, but also for pregnant women. You are at risk of experiencing the following:
- Placenta disorders, namely the possibility of placental abruption which occurs when the placenta separates from the inner wall of the uterus before the birth of the baby. It can also occur placenta previa, which is when all or part of the placenta closes the cervix.
- Break your water prematurely.
Apart from being active smokers, there is also a risk to pregnant women and babies who are exposed to secondhand smoke exposure. Especially when family members are smoking and living in the same house.
Choice of Methods and Tips for Quitting Smoking
The best way you can do to avoid the dangers of smoking while pregnant is to quit smoking. You can take advantage of a therapy to stop smoking called Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT). The therapy is carried out with several options, namely:
- Nicotine gum, chew slowly for 30 minutes regularly.
- Lozenges tablets. The tablet is sucked between the gums and on the inside of the cheek for 30 minutes.
- Sublingual tablets, tablets are placed under the tongue and allowed to dissolve.
- Inhalers, inhaled regularly.
- Transdermal, attached to the surface of the skin that is dry and hairless on the upper body.
- Nasal spray.
- Oral spray.
However, before using these products you are advised to consult your obstetrician first. Always pay attention to the amount of nicotine absorbed by the body regardless of the method of therapy used.
If the habit of quitting smoking suddenly is rather difficult, do it gradually and be supported by several habits such as:
- Avoid situations where you feel like smoking, such as stress or hanging out with fellow smokers.
- List the reasons why you should quit smoking. Of course one of them is to maintain the health of you and your fetus.
- Keep away from cigarette smoke wherever you are.
- If you have to travel, make it a habit to choose places that don’t allow smoking.
- Avoid hanging out with people who smoke.
- Divert the urge to smoke by doing other activities, such as chewing gum or eating food.
During the adaptation period, it is not uncommon for pregnant women who have stopped smoking to return to smoking after giving birth. Consult a doctor about this. Remember not to sacrifice yourself and your baby’s health by smoking.