The reason for the importance of dental examination and treatment before pregnancy
Dental care before pregnancy is a thing that is often forgotten. In fact, oral health conditions and teeth can affect fertility for uterine health.
Hormonal changes during pregnancy can affect the body’s response to plaque growth. This makes it easier for pregnant women to experience problems with their teeth, such as caries.
The reason for the importance of dental examination before pregnancy
You and your partner need to know that oral health is related to various conditions around pregnancy, namely:
Men with poor oral health are believed to be more at risk of reducing sperm count or quality. The exact cause is unknown, but some of the following are thought to be the triggers,
First, dental infections will increase the amount of bacterial growth in the mouth. This increase is believed to also affect the growth of the number of bacteria in other body parts, including sperm.
Second, when the body faces an infection in the teeth, the body’s response not only increases in the infected part but also throughout the body. This increased immune response can damage other healthy cells, including sperm.
Third, related to risk factors for dental and oral health disorders, namely smoking. This habit can clearly disrupt the health of the reproductive system.
Relating to the health of pregnant women and fetuses
Oral health is also related to the condition of pregnancy and the health of pregnant women. Although it does not have a direct effect, an increase in the hormones estrogen and progesterone during pregnancy can cause gum inflammation in the pregnancy.
The habit of not maintaining dental hygiene, especially after consuming sweet foods when “cravings”, also increases the potential for mouth problems, such as cavities. If this tooth problem is not handled properly, it can cause ongoing infections and cause epulis or pyogenic granulomas, and can even cause tooth loss.
Besides having an effect on pregnant women, poor oral health during pregnancy can also increase the risk of a baby being born prematurely.
Tips for Maintaining Dental Health Ahead of Pregnancy
To prevent the various risks outlined above, you and your partner need to maintain dental hygiene and health, namely by:
Check your teeth regularly to the dentist, at least every 6 months, so that your oral health is always monitored. This treatment and examination needs to be done more frequently if you experience periodontitis.
Get immediate treatment if you experience problems with your teeth and mouth, such as cavities.
Brush your teeth twice a day, in the morning when you wake up and at night before going to bed.
Gargling with water after eating, to rinse leftovers that can trigger cavities.
Quit smoking. This habit not only triggers the appearance of disorders of the teeth and mouth, but also has a negative impact on fertility.
Don’t underestimate the importance of maintaining oral health before becoming pregnant. Keep your teeth and mouth clean and do regular dental check-ups, so you avoid various dental problems that can interfere with pregnancy.