The Role of Immunology Allergy Specialist Pediatricians
Windowofworld.com – Immunology allergy specialist pediatricians are doctors who focus on treating and treating allergies, asthma, and immune disorders at the age of infants, children, to adolescents.
Immunological allergy specialists have deeper knowledge about the immune system and disorders of the child’s immune response, including allergies, so that they can provide the best solution to treat allergies and immune disorders suffered by children.
Diseases Treated by Immunology Allergists
Generally, examination to an immunologist allergist pediatrician is based on a referral from a general practitioner or pediatrician. You will be advised to take your child to an immunologist allergist pediatrician if he:
- Experiencing allergy symptoms, such as itchy skin, a rash, itchy nose, nasal congestion, sneezing, wheezing, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or shortness of breath, after consuming or coming into contact with allergens
- Have a family history of allergies
- Often suffer from certain infections, such as sinusitis
For more details, the following are a number of diseases that are handled by immunological allergists:
1. Food allergies
Food allergies occur when the immune system considers that certain substances contained in food are something that is harmful. Food allergies are characterized by a variety of symptoms, namely:
- Symptoms on the skin, such as rash, itching, redness
- Symptoms in the digestive tract, such as stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
- Symptoms in the respiratory tract, such as nasal congestion, to shortness of breath
Symptoms of a food allergy can also be in the form of anaphylactic shock which can be life threatening, so you need help as soon as possible. Foods that often trigger allergies include milk, eggs, soybeans, wheat, fish, nuts, and shellfish.
2. Dust allergy
Dust allergy in children occurs when the child inhales air mixed with dust, mite droppings, plant pollen, mold spores, or animal hair which is an allergen.
Dust allergy can cause 2 conditions, namely allergic rhinitis and asthma. Symptoms of allergic rhinitis can include sneezing, runny nose, itchy eyes, red eyes, watery eyes, nasal congestion, and an itchy nose. Whereas in asthma, symptoms can include coughing and shortness of breath.
3. Drug allergy
Not only adults, children can also suffer from drug allergies. Drug allergies are characterized by a variety of symptoms, ranging from mild to those that require serious treatment.
Mild drug allergy symptoms are characterized by skin rash, hives, fever, swelling, runny nose, itchy eyes, watery eyes, and shortness of breath. Meanwhile, serious symptoms can be in the form of anaphylactic shock or Steven-Johnson syndrome which requires immediate medical attention.
4. Atopic eczema
Atopic eczema is an allergy that causes itchy, dry, scaly skin. Eczema is more common in babies, although adults can experience it too.
Sinusitis is an infection or inflammation of the nasal cavity. Sinusitis in children is characterized by a variety of symptoms, ranging from a prolonged runny nose (more than 10 days), green or clear mucus, a cough that doesn’t go away, to fever.
6. Immunodeficiency disease
As stated earlier, immunologists also treat abnormalities in the response of the immune system. One of them is immunodeficiency disease.
Immunodeficiency is a disorder of the immune system that prevents the body from protecting itself from bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Immunodeficiency can occur as a congenital disease (from birth) or as a result of exposure to toxic chemicals or certain (secondary) infections.
7. Autoimmune disease
Autoimmune diseases occur when the body’s immune system attacks and damages its own body tissues. Some of the autoimmune diseases that may occur in children are psoriasis, autoimmune hepatitis, Crohn’s disease, multiple sclerosis, type 1 diabetes, lupus, and skin scleroderma.
Medical treatment given by pediatricians, allergists and immunologists
In diagnosing a child’s illness, first the pediatrician, an allergist and immunologist, will ask about what symptoms or complaints the child is experiencing. After that, the doctor will also trace the child’s medical history, from birth to the present, along with family history of diseases related to allergies or immune system disorders.
Then, the doctor may do some further tests to determine what disease your child has, including:
1. Allergy test
To diagnose an allergy suffered, an immunologist allergist pediatrician will recommend an allergy test. This test is usually a skin test consisting of a skin-prick test and a patch test.
2. Blood test
Blood tests can be done to check for allergic antibodies or to confirm the presence of antibodies that cause autoimmune diseases.
3. Elimination diet
An elimination diet is usually recommended for children with certain food allergies. The pediatrician, an immunologist allergist, will design a meal schedule and the type of food for the child within a certain period of time to find out exactly what foods trigger allergies in children.
Treatment for allergic and immunological related diseases is highly dependent on the cause. For allergies, the main treatment is generally allergen avoidance. However, immunotherapy can also be done to reduce the child’s sensitivity to allergens. For other conditions, immune suppression therapy may be used in children who have autoimmune conditions. Conversely, therapy to increase immunity will be given to children who are immunodeficient.
That’s brief information about the pediatrician, immunology allergist and the diseases he treats. Examination to a pediatrician, immunology allergist is usually based on a referral from a general practitioner or pediatrician. However, you can immediately consult a pediatrician who is an immunologist if your child experiences the symptoms of the disease above, especially if other family members have experienced similar signs.