The Role of Ophthalmologist as an Infection Specialist and Immunologist
Windowofworld.com – Viral or bacterial infection is one of the main causes of eye disorders. In this case, the role of ophthalmologist as an infection specialist and immunologist is needed. Come on, find out more about the subspecialty doctor profession and the roles it has.
Infectious ophthalmologists and immunologists are ophthalmologists who have undertaken and completed subspecialty programs in infection and immunology.
This subspecialty doctor has expertise in examining, diagnosing, and determining the right treatment for eye diseases or vision problems due to infections and immune system disorders.
Conditions that Ophthalmologists and Immunologists Can Treat
The following are some infectious eye diseases that can be handled by subspecialty ophthalmologists and immunologists:
- Conjunctivitis due to viral and bacterial infections
- Eye infections, eg keratouveitis, scleritis and retinitis
- Corneal infection or keratitis due to a fungal, bacterial or viral infection
- Eye infections due to parasites, such as toxoplasmosis retinochoroiditis and worm
- infections in the eye
- Eyelid infection or blepharitis
In addition, ophthalmologists who specialize in infection and immunology can also diagnose and treat eye diseases caused by inflammation or immune system disorders, such as:
- Autoimmune disorders, including rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and psoriatic arthritis
- Sjögren’s Syndrome
- Graves’ disease
- Orbital pseudotumor
- Mooren’s ulcer
- Retinal disease due to autoimmune disorders (autoimmune retinopathy)
Actions that can be performed by an ophthalmologist and immunologist
In determining the diagnosis, an ophthalmologist who specializes in infection and immunology will ask about the complaints that are felt and the patient’s medical history, including whether the patient has comorbidities or a history of certain diseases in his family.
Furthermore, the doctor will also perform a physical examination of the eye to evaluate the patient’s eye condition and visual function.
After carrying out a physical examination of the eye, the doctor will carry out supporting examinations, such as:
- Check cilia and eye pressure
- Tear tests, for example with the Schirmer test or Ferning test
- Corneal sensibility test
- Fluoresin test
- Seidel’s test
- Radiological examinations, such as ultrasound, X-rays, or CT scans of the eye
- Blood and urine tests
After the diagnosis of eye disease is known, an ophthalmologist who specializes in infection and immunology will determine the appropriate treatment steps, for example, administering drugs. In certain cases, an ophthalmologist who specializes in infection and immunology may also need to perform surgery on the eye.
In practice, ophthalmologists and immunologists often work closely with other specialists, such as internists and rheumatologists.
The Right Time to See an Ophthalmologist, Infection and Immunologist
You will be advised to consult an ophthalmologist who specializes in infections and immunology after receiving a referral from a general practitioner or ophthalmologist. However, you can also immediately consult an ophthalmologist who specializes in infection and immunology if you feel some eye symptoms, such as:
- The eyes are painful, red, and swollen
- Blurred vision or sudden blindness
- Dry eyes
- Impaired visual function, for example double vision and sensitivity to light
- Eyes pus or bleeding
- Changes in visibility or color in vision
In addition, you should also consult an ophthalmologist who specializes in infection and immunology if you have a history of injury to the eye, for example the eye has a foreign object or has been punctured by a sharp object and has a history of chronic diseases, especially autoimmune diseases.
Preparation before consultation with an ophthalmologist and immunologist
Before meeting an ophthalmologist who specializes in infection and immunology, it’s a good idea to prepare a few things to make it easier for the doctor to determine the right diagnosis and treatment, such as:
- Results of examination or laboratory tests, if you have previously consulted with other doctors
- Data or records related to previous medical history, such as allergies, and medications that have been undertaken
- A detailed history of complaints and symptoms
- Health Insurance
You can consult an ophthalmologist who specializes in infection and immunology directly if you experience the eye complaints that have been previously mentioned. If you are still confused, you can ask for advice from an ophthalmologist to choose an ophthalmologist who specializes in infection and immunology.