Guide on How to Help Traffic Accident Victims
Windowofworld.com – When you witness the traffic accident victims firsthand, don’t panic and be reckless in providing assistance. Make sure you are safe first, then pay attention to the surrounding situation and the possibility of providing first aid to the victim.
In fact, first aid to traffic accident victims is generally only temporary. The efforts you give to the victim are solely aimed at preventing the victim’s condition from getting worse, while waiting for the arrival of medical personnel.
Methods for Helping Traffic Accident Victims
It is important to help others who have experienced accidents. But before giving help, first pay attention to the condition experienced by the victim.
As a guide, there is a method for helping traffic accident victims, called Dr’s ABC, stands for Danger, Response, Shout (for help) Airway, Breathing, Circulation. Here are the stages:
Make sure you are in a location and conditions that are not dangerous. Potential hazards that may still occur are fire, toxic gas leakage, or community rioting in the vicinity of the incident. Note that first aid cannot be provided as long as you yourself are at risk of falling victim to an accident or follow-up event.
Check the victim’s response by tapping her on the shoulder and asking a short question, such as “What is your name?” or “Can you open your eyes?”
S (shout for help)
You are advised to immediately contact the medical authorities so that the victim can be quickly given further assistance. Emergency aid numbers that can be called are 118 to call an ambulance and 112 to contact the police. Provide information regarding the victim’s situation, for example whether the victim is bleeding profusely or not, has difficulty breathing or not, responds or not when spoken to.
If possible, you can continue with the ABC method to help traffic accident victims, which consists of:
You can seek relief by placing your hand under the victim’s chin and lifting the chin forward (chin lift) to open the airway. Place your hand on the victim’s forehead and push back (head tilt) if the chin maneuver doesn’t help.
Make sure the victim is actually breathing for at least 10 seconds. Check his breathing by looking at the rising and falling of the chest, hearing and feeling the sound of his breath. If the victim is unconscious but is still breathing, turn his body. However, keep your head, neck and spine straight. Watch the victim’s breath until the medical officer arrives.
Chest compressions, also called CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation), can be performed if there are no signs of breathing in the victim and no pulse is found. If the victim is an adult, press your hands on the center of the victim’s chest. Press about 5-6 cm deep, firmly and quickly. If the victim is an infant, simply press down on two of your fingers, with less force. However, you should do this if you really understand how, to prevent the risk of worsening the victim’s condition.
Traffic accidents are risky to happen anytime and anywhere. Knowledge of first aid is very important as a personal provision, both to be used for oneself and to help others. In addition, also prepare an emergency telephone number in a notebook or save it in your cellphone.