Windowofworld.com – When entering the change of seasons, it is advisable to increase efforts to maintain a healthy and clean environment, so that you can avoid various transition season diseases. During the change of the dry season to the rainy season, there are several types of diseases that can attack you and your family.
Children under five years of age are among those who are prone to experiencing viral infections during the transition season, although it does not rule out the possibility of infecting adults.
Types of Transition Season Diseases
Here are some of the higher risk of viral infection during the transition season:
1. Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF)
During the transition season, especially the beginning of the rainy season, cases of dengue fever or DHF in various regions have increased. In 2014, DHF cases could be found in almost all provinces in Indonesia. This is probably because the dengue virus can survive in tropical climates and develop more during the rainy season.
DHF is transmitted through the bite of a mosquito infected by the dengue virus. Symptoms of DHF include sudden high fever, severe headache, pain in the back of the eyes, muscle and joint pain, weakness, nausea, vomiting, easy bruising, appearance of spots on the skin, to light bleeding around the gums and nose. . What needs to be watched out for are complications from dengue, namely heavy bleeding, shock, and death.
To reduce the risk of getting dengue, it is important to prevent the development of the mosquito population. This can be done by removing items that can become mosquito breeding grounds, such as cans, pots, or old tires that collect rainwater. Don’t forget to clean your bathtub or pet drinking area regularly, and close it tightly.
At first glance, the symptoms of chikungunya are similar to dengue fever. When this transitional season disease is suffered, high fever and joint pain will be experienced. Other symptoms, such as headaches, muscle aches, nausea, rash, and fatigue, may also be felt. Generally, these symptoms will go away on their own in time
In elderly people who have a history of other diseases as well as in newborns, chikungunya disease with more severe symptoms may occur. Although rarely resulting in death, severe symptoms can cause temporary paralysis.
Actually there is no special treatment for chikungunya. The doctor may give medicines that can help relieve fever and joint pain. For recovery, you are advised to get enough rest and consume lots of water to prevent it
To reduce the risk of getting chikungunya, the same steps to prevent dengue can also be taken.
Similar to dengue fever and chikungunya, the zika virus is spread through mosquito bites, but can also be transmitted through sexual contact and blood transfusions. The zika virus can be transmitted by pregnant women to the fetus and can cause the baby to suffer from microcephaly (the baby’s head is smaller than
When this transition season disease is suffered, you will experience fever, joint pain, headache, rash, itching all over the body, red eyes, muscle pain, back pain, to pain in the back of the eye.
These symptoms usually occur in about seven days and will go away on their own. You are advised to get enough rest and consume lots of water to relieve symptoms that appear.
4. Respiratory tract infections
According to a study, lower respiratory tract infections caused by viruses mostly occur in the rainy season. This disease occurs mostly in children under five, because the children’s immune system is not yet fully developed.
Like an upper respiratory infection, a symptom of a lower respiratory tract infection is a cough. However, the cough that occurs is heavier and sometimes accompanied by phlegm and mucus. Other symptoms that may be experienced are shortness of breath, increased breathing frequency, a feeling of tightness in the chest, or a wheezing sound when you breathe. Lower respiratory tract infections can include bronchitis, pneumonia, and bronchiolitis.
This respiratory tract infection is transmitted by saliva droplets containing the virus, when an infected person coughs or sneezes. It can also be through indirect contact through surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus from saliva splashes or the touch of an infected person’s hands. One of the effective ways to prevent it is to maintain cleanliness and be diligent in washing hands.
Based on a study of the influenza virus or flu that affects children, it is known that most cases occur during the rainy season, including in Indonesia. This virus will attack the nose, throat and lungs.
In general, flu can heal on its own. However, in children under five, especially children under 2 years of age, and seniors over 65 years, this transitional season disease can cause dangerous complications.
You need to get enough rest and consume lots of water to relieve flu symptoms that you are suffering from. In certain cases, doctors will recommend antiviral drugs to treat colds. Meanwhile, to prevent infection with the influenza virus, you can do vaccinations that can be repeated every year.
Although generally transition season diseases are not dangerous, it is better to take preventive measures, such as implementing a clean life and keeping the environment clean. This aims to reduce the risk of contracting various diseases that often appear during the transition season.