What is Striated Muscles?
Windowofworld.com – One location that has a risk of getting tumors, both malignant and benign, is the striated muscles. Which includes the type of striated muscle is the heart muscle and skeletal muscle.
Striated muscles is a muscle tissue that has a functional unit commonly called a sarcomere. The presence of sarcomeres in these muscles is seen in the form of a series of bands that are seen along the muscle fibers when observed under a microscope.
Types of tumors in striated muscle
Tumors derived from striated muscles consist of several types. To understand further, below are the types of tumors originating in striated muscles:
1. Rabdomioma or benign striated muscles tumors
Rabdomioma is a tumors derived from striated muscles and is benign. This is a very rare tumor. This tumor type is divided into two main types, namely neoplastic and hamartoma. For neoplastic, it is divided again into three subtypes, namely adult type, fetal type, and genital type.
For this type of hamartoma, benign tumors in the striated muscle are divided into two parts, namely cardiac rabdomioma (heart) and rhabdomyomatous mesenchymal skin hamartomas. According to the study, rabdomioma is most often found in men aged 25-40 years. However, fetal rabdomioma is more common in boys under the age of three years. Symptoms of rabdomioma depend on the type suffered, the age, and the sex of the sufferer.
Adult rabdomioma is usually characterized by a lump in the neck area, difficulty swallowing, difficulty breathing, and may have hoarseness. Those suffering from fetal rabdomioma may have lumps under the scalp or on the neck.
Genital rabdomioma usually affects young or middle-aged women. This condition is generally characterized by pain during sexual intercourse (dyspareunia). Cardiac rabdomioma (heart) usually complains of shortness of breath. This type of rabdomioma is also sometimes associated with symptoms of brain nerve disorders, cerebral palsy.
2. Rabdomiomasarkoma or malignant striated muscle tumors
Malignant tumors can also grow in striated muscles especially those attached to bones or skeletal muscles. This cancerous tumor is commonly called rabdomiosarcoma. Many areas in the body that can be used as a place for growth of this malignant tumor.
The most common location of rabdomiosarkoma is the head, neck, arms, legs and urogenital tract. Rabdomiomasarkoma is one of the rare tumors. Malignant soft tissue tumors most often affect children, especially children who have certain birth defects.
In addition, children who come from families with a history of certain gene mutations have a greater risk of developing rabdomiosarcoma. Although it is rare, the presence of this cancer is considered dangerous because it can spread rapidly throughout the body. Early detection of these tumors is often late because of symptoms that are less visible.
Striated muscles are very important for the body, because they are located in several vital organs. Tumors in striated muscles can interfere with health and daily activities. If you feel symptoms of a tumors in the striated muscles, you should immediately consult a doctor so that it can be treated immediately.