6 Types and Treatment of Depression
Windowofworld.com – Depression is a serious mental health problem that is dangerous and often occurs. Some types of depression are mild, but some are severe enough to risk life-threatening. Therefore, you need to recognize what types of depression are.
You certainly have felt sad, empty, and hopeless, whether because of family problems, work, mental pressure, or because there are family or close relatives who have just died. Over time, these feelings will usually disappear and your emotional condition will return to normal.
However, if these feelings persist for months or even years, especially if they arise for no apparent reason, then it is likely caused by depression.
Besides feeling hopeless, people who suffer from depression are usually difficult to undergo daily activities and tend to withdraw from the social environment. Depressed people do not even a few who feel suicidal or want to harm themselves because they feel that their life is meaningless.
There are many types of depression. Therefore, it is important for you to know the types and symptoms of various types of depression so that this condition can be recognized and treated appropriately.
Learn More About Types of Depression
The World Health Organization (WHO) notes that there are at least 260 million sufferers of depression worldwide. Of the many depressed sufferers, there are an estimated 800,000 deaths due to suicide caused by depression.
Depression can be divided into several types, namely:
1. Major depression
Major depression is a type of depression that makes sufferers feel sad and hopeless all the time. Someone said to suffer from major depression if you experience some of the following symptoms:
- Moody and gloomy mood
- Loss of interest in a hobby or other activity you previously liked
- Weight change
- Sleep disturbance
- Often feel tired and lack of energy
- Always feeling guilty and useless
- Difficult to concentrate
- Suicidal tendencies
Symptoms can last for weeks to months. Regardless of how long the symptoms last, severe depression can interfere with the activity and quality of life of the sufferer.
2. Persistent depression
Persistent or dystemical depression is a term used to describe a chronic depressive condition. Symptoms are the same as depression in general, it’s just that this type of depression lasts even long for years.
A person can be called suffering from persistent depression if he feels symptoms of depression that persist for at least 2 months continuously and disappear after 2 years.
Although the symptoms are not always as severe as major depression, sufferers of persistent depression also often have difficulty in socializing and undergoing daily activities.
3. Bipolar disorder
Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder characterized by very drastic mood swings. People who have bipolar disorder can feel very happy and energized at one time, but suddenly become sad and depressed.
When in a happy and energetic phase (mania or hypomania), people with bipolar disorder will experience the following symptoms:
- Optimistic and can not be silent
- Very energetic and more energetic
- Excessive confidence
- Insomnia or don’t feel the need to sleep
- Increased appetite
- A lot of things in mind
After being in the mania or hypomania phase for some time, people who have bipolar disorder will usually enter the normal mood phase, then then enter the depressive phase. These mood changes can occur within hours, days, or weeks.
4. Psychotic depression
Psychotic depression is characterized by symptoms of severe depression accompanied by hallucinations or psychotic disorders. People with this type of depression will experience symptoms of depression and hallucinations, which is seeing or hearing something that is actually not real.
This type of depression is more common in older people. Even so, even young people can experience it. In addition to old age, a history of severe psychological trauma in childhood is also said to increase a person’s risk of experiencing psychotic depression.
5. Postpartum depression
Postpartum depression is a type of depression that occurs in mothers who have just given birth. Mothers suffering from postpartum depression can experience several symptoms, such as:
- Always feeling depressed
- Difficult to concentrate
- Decreased appetite
- Feel inappropriate to be a mother
- Difficult to produce breast milk or breastfeeding
- Having thoughts to hurt themselves or their babies
Sometimes, postpartum depression can mimic another psychological disorder called baby blues syndrome. Although the symptoms are similar, the two conditions are different things.
Baby blues syndrome usually occurs for 2 weeks after giving birth and will subside on its own, while postpartum depression can last for up to 6 months or more and can disrupt the inner bond between mother and baby.
6. Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder is a type of depression that attacks women just before menstruation. This condition is often referred to as severe premenstrual syndrome.
Women who have PMDD can experience the following symptoms:
- Emotional and irritable
- Often feel excessive anxiety
- Hard to sleep
- Muscle ache
- Stomach cramps
- Appetite is lost or actually increased
In contrast to premenstrual syndrome, PMDD symptoms that occur can be very disturbing and even symptoms of severe depression appear that interfere with the quality of life of sufferers. These symptoms will usually appear within 1 week before menstruation begins and will disappear after menstruation.
Proper Management of Types of Depression
Depression is not just ordinary sadness. Without proper treatment, depression tends to persist and can get worse. This has the potential to cause depressed sufferers to attempt suicide, consume excessive alcohol, or abuse drugs.
Therefore, if you are depressed, regardless of type, you should consult a psychiatrist so that your condition can be treated properly.
To determine the type of depression you are suffering from, your doctor will perform a psychiatric examination. After the type of depression is known, the doctor will provide appropriate treatment. Treatment for depression is usually in the form of counseling or psychotherapy, as well as the administration of drugs, such as antidepressants.