Understanding crowd phobias and their handling
People with phobias of the crowd will feel afraid to get out of the house or go to a place that is considered unsafe. This condition, also called agoraphobia, is pinned on people who are afraid to go to crowded places, such as supermarkets, malls, markets, schools, and offices.
Crowd phobia is a type of anxiety disorder. Symptoms of agoraphobia can occur when the sufferer is in a situation where it is difficult to find a way out or get help when he feels trapped.
Not only are phobias or fears among people, people who suffer from agoraphobia can also feel fear or anxiety when they have to talk or move in front of many people.
Causes of Phobic Riots
Until now, the exact cause of the phobia crowd has not really been known. Experts suspect that the crowd of phobias is caused by a combination of several factors, such as psychological problems, past trauma, heredity, and personality disorders.
In addition, a crowd of phobias is also thought to appear in patients with panic attacks. However, there are people with phobias who have no history of panic attacks or previous trauma.
When feeling anxious or panicked, the body will release the hormone adrenaline. This hormone can cause several effects, such as an increase in respiratory rate and heart rate. This is a natural mechanism for preparing the body for dangerous situations.
Another theory states that the crowd of phobias is caused by imbalance levels of chemicals in the brain that regulate mood and thought processes. This then affects mood and behavior, which will cause symptoms such as panic attacks.
Symptoms and Signs of a Phobia Crowd
People who suffer from phobia will experience the following symptoms:
Anxious when in an environment that is considered unsafe.
Feel free or reluctant to leave home or go to an unknown place.
Loss of confidence while in a crowd.
Avoid every time you are invited to travel.
When people with phobia phlegm feel that they are in a stressful situation, they will experience some physical symptoms, such as heart beating fast or heart palpitations, short breathing, feeling hot or cold sweat, nausea, dizziness, until they feel like fainting .
In addition to physical symptoms, people with crowd phobias can also experience psychological symptoms, such as panic attacks or feeling helpless when in public places, blaming yourself, or feeling embarrassed in front of people.
If not treated properly, this condition can affect the quality of life of sufferers because they tend to withdraw from the crowd. People who live with many phobias will find it difficult to move, go to school, or even work.
How to Overcome Crowd Phobias
To find out whether someone has a phobia of many people or not, it is necessary to do a series of psychiatric medical examinations by a psychologist or psychiatrist.
When conducting an examination, the doctor or psychologist will ask a number of things related to the symptoms the patient is complaining about, such as when phobia symptoms appear, what symptoms are felt, and what situations trigger phobic symptoms.
If diagnosed with crow phobia, the patient requires medical treatment consisting of:
The purpose of psychotherapy is to encourage people with phobia phenomena to behave more positively and reduce their symptoms.
For example, many people with crowd phobias have unrealistic thoughts that panic attacks can kill them. With psychotherapy, people with crowd phobia will be trained and guided to divert negative thoughts so that symptoms can be reduced while in the crowd.
One form of psychotherapy that is often used is cognitive behavioral therapy.
The type of medication prescribed by a doctor for people with phobic phenomena is the same as a drug for treating depression. Some types of antidepressant drugs work by increasing serotonin in the brain. Examples of these drugs are sertraline and fluoxetine.
In addition to antidepressants, sedatives or anxiety relievers can also be prescribed by doctors to treat crowd phobias.
Untreated crowd phobias can reduce quality of life. People with phobias of many people will choose to stay at home, so they tend to be unproductive. This can cause financial difficulties, feelings of loneliness, and feelings of isolation which then increase the risk of depression.
Therefore, do not hesitate to see a doctor if you feel inclined to withdraw from the outside world and experience symptoms that lead to a crowd of phobias.