What Causes Underweight in Children?
Windowofworld.com – Growth and body development become one of the main health indicators for your child. However, there are several conditions that Mother must be aware of, such as the problem of underweight in children, which can have an impact on the growth and development of the Little One.
One of the most sensitive indicators of nutrition is weight gain. The child is said to get good nutrition and normal growth if age is followed by weight gain according to the standard. In fact, there are still some children who experience underweight problems. Generally, underweight children occur when the body weight is below average compared to height and age. Lack of weight according to the age of the child (BB / U) can indicate your child is experiencing malnutrition. In this case, it is important for your child to get a balanced intake of healthy food and nutrition to avoid underweight problems.
Causes of Weight Loss in Your Little One
Underweight can be caused by various factors, including: genetic / hereditary, economic and nutritional factors, parental education characteristics, psychological factors such as eating disorders, disease factors that have side effects of weight loss, and drugs that can cause loss appetite.
The problem of low body weight and lack of nutrition can interfere with the immune system in children, are prone to infection, lack of energy, increase the duration and severity of infectious diseases, and if not treated immediately can cause death. In addition, can cause your child at risk of developmental disorders, making it less active and difficult to concentrate. In the end, your child will experience difficulties when studying and doing activities at school.
One way to find out the health and growth of children is done by monitoring the results of weighing each month. At the posyandu, this is done by using the KMS monitoring tool or the Towards Healthy Card. This card, among others, functions as a tool for monitoring children’s growth and development. Some other signs can also be used as a guide to find out if your baby has less weight, including your baby’s ribs that are clearly visible when you bathe him, and also the size of his clothes that do not increase after a few months.
The following is a graph of weight development compared to the age of the baby between 1-2 years. The following chart is made by the World Health Organization (WHO) to provide a baby’s physical growth curve with international standards.
How to Increase Your Baby’s Weight
The best way to increase your baby’s weight is to improve his nutritional intake. Little need to intake of calories and nutrients derived from the food they consume. The best nutrition can be started by giving ASI since the beginning of birth. Meanwhile, their calorie needs may not be fulfilled from eating three meals a day as they age. For that reason, increasing the calories in their intake is one solution that can be done. However, that does not mean you can be free to eat high-calorie foods that are less healthy, such as sweet drinks, sweets, and cakes, because they can damage teeth. Apply a healthy diet that contains balanced nutrition by providing staple foods that contain carbohydrates, vegetables, fruits, fish, meat, and milk along with the preparations.
Don’t focus on the amount of food, but focus on the quality of the food of your child. Do not forget to give your child the intake of nutrients that contain protein and good iron. Also make sure your little one gets milk intake between 350 to 400 ml per day. Limit juice or liquid intake for your child, because too much drinking can reduce appetite and cause diarrhea. Do not let your child drink too much before eating, so that when eating he feels hungry and hungrily eat his food.