How to Treat Vaginal Varicose Veins While Pregnant?

How to Treat Vaginal Varicose Veins While Pregnant?
How to Treat Vaginal Varicose Veins While Pregnant?

How to Treat Vaginal Varicose Veins While Pregnant? – Varicose veins can not only appear in the area of ​​the legs and legs, but also in the vagina. This condition, known as vaginal varicose veins, is more commonly experienced by pregnant women. Vaginal varices are actually harmless, but sometimes they can cause annoying symptoms.

Vaginal varices are varicose veins that appear on the surface of the vaginal wall. This condition is experienced by 1-2 in 10 pregnant women and usually occurs when the gestational age enters the third trimester, when the blood vessels in the lower body widen as the fetus develops.

Symptoms and Characteristics of Vaginal Varicose

Vaginal varicose veins may not cause symptoms. Some pregnant women may just realize there are vaginal varicose veins when they are about to give birth or when the doctor performs a birth canal examination.

However, vaginal varicose veins can sometimes cause several symptoms, including:

  • Swelling or bumps on the vagina and pubic lips (vulva).
  • Pressure or pain in the vaginal area.
  • Itching and discomfort in the pelvis and around the vagina
  • Pain during sexual intercourse or walking away.

Symptoms that appear can get worse if you stand too long, do heavy physical activity, or when you are tired. Sometimes, vaginal varicose veins are also accompanied by varicose veins on the legs.

Why do vaginal varicose veins often occur during pregnancy?

During pregnancy, a woman’s body will produce more blood to meet the nutritional needs of the fetus in the womb. As pregnancy increases, the amount of blood will increase.

When this amount of blood increases, dams can occur in veins in certain parts of the body, for example in the legs and in the vagina. If the blood is blocked in the vagina, this can cause vaginal varicose veins.

In addition, vaginal varicose veins may also be formed due to an increase in pregnancy hormones, such as the hormones estrogen and progesterone, during pregnancy. This hormone causes the walls of blood vessels to weaken and swell, making it susceptible to causing varicose veins.

In rare cases, vaginal varicose veins can also occur outside of pregnancy. Varicose veins in women who are not pregnant may be caused by genetic factors, aging, or obesity.

To determine whether you have vaginal varicose veins or not, it is necessary to have an examination by a doctor. This examination is usually done while undergoing routine obstetrical checks. To determine the severity of varicose veins that appear, the doctor will do a physical examination and support, such as Doppler ultrasound.

How to relieve vaginal varicose veins?

If it is very disturbing, there are some simple ways that can be done independently at home to relieve symptoms of vaginal varicose veins, namely:

  • Compress the pubic area using cold compresses.
  • Elevate the position of the feet and pelvis when lying down to facilitate blood circulation.
  • Avoid sitting or standing for too long.
  • Use a rolled towel placed between the thighs to compress the dilated blood vessels.
  • Use special underwear designed for sufferers of vaginal varicose veins. Also choose clothing designs that can support your back and lower abdomen.
  • Swimming can help improve blood flow and relieve pressure in the pelvic area that appears during pregnancy.

Vaginal varices rarely cause serious problems in pregnant women and do not affect fetal growth in the womb. This condition also cannot be used as an indication to give birth by caesarean section, so the chance for a normal delivery is huge.

Generally, vaginal varicose will subside after giving birth. However, you are advised to immediately see a gynecologist if vaginal varicose symptoms do not go away after 6 weeks after delivery or after the postpartum period is over.

Similarly, if vaginal varicose veins become more severe and painful. To treat vaginal varicose veins, your doctor may suggest a number of treatment steps, such as embolization, sclerotherapy, to surgery.


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