3 Types of Waste and Their Impact on Health
Windowofworld.com – Without realizing it, hazardous waste is all around us. Various kinds of waste can pollute the water, soil, and the air we breathe, and can have a negative impact on health.
Waste can be found anywhere. Starting from household waste, offices, industry, or vehicle fumes on the highway. Sadly, because it is “commonplace” we encounter, this problem is often no longer taken seriously. For example, when we pass or even live in the vicinity of a landfill, we may only be bothered by the unpleasant smell and take it lightly, when in fact there are dangers lurking in our health.
1. Air Waste
Air waste can cause air pollution. Smoke and particulate matter are two types of air waste that can endanger health. Especially particulates, because of their shape in the form of fine particles, making them difficult to see with the naked eye. Without us knowing it, particulates can be inhaled and cause dangerous diseases.
The particulates come from diesel engine exhausts, wood burning, and coal-fired power plants. Meanwhile, smoke waste generally comes from small vehicles.
The smoke or particulate waste in air pollution can cause various health impacts, such as:
- Lung problems, heart attack, heart failure, and stroke. These diseases are commonly found in areas with high levels of air pollution.
- In pregnant women, it can harm the fetus in the womb. For example, it affects fetal brain development, so it has the possibility of experiencing ADHD or better known as hyperactivity.
2. Final Disposal Waste
Not only does it smell bad, this landfill also has long-term effects, including:
- Potential to trigger several types of cancer, fetal defects, babies born prematurely, or babies born with underweight. However, location of residence is not the only factor that could be the cause. Until now, it is still unclear whether these conditions are related to the toxic chemicals in the landfill.
- Water pollution caused by landfill waste can have a negative impact on health. People living around the landfill are at risk of developing hepatitis, cholera, giardiasis, and blue baby syndrome (methemoglobinemia), due to consuming contaminated water. Even some substances, such as benzene, which are known to be carcinogenic or can cause cancer, can also pollute the water around the landfill site.
3. Waste in water
Wastewater is water that has been anthropogenic contaminated. Waste that pollutes water can come from human waste, disposal of septic tanks, disposal of factory waste, wastewater from washing residues, and many more.
Water that has been contaminated with this waste can cause various diseases, such as:
- Diarrhea, if you consume water contaminated with bacteria or parasites. Severe diarrhea can lead to death.
- Methemoglobinemia or blue baby syndrome, if you consume drinking water that is contaminated with nitrates, or high in nitrate content.
- Infectious diseases, such as hepatitis A, cholera, and giardiasis, if you consume water that is contaminated with bacteria and viruses.
- Kidney disease, liver disease, and the risk of birth defects.
Whether seen or not seen, waste still has a bad impact on health. It may not be felt immediately, but it will cause negative effects in the long run. In order to reduce or even eliminate hazardous threats from waste, good waste management and awareness are needed to maintain a clean environment.