9 Risks of Wearing High Heels
Windowofworld.com – Wearing high heels puts the body in an abnormal posture. This can put pressure and posture at risk of causing injury to the knees, legs and back. Know the risks that can occur if you use high heels frequently.
High heels put excessive pressure on the soles of the forefoot (ball of the forefoot) and make the body weight only rest on certain parts to maintain balance. In the long term, this condition is at risk of causing posture changes that lead to the emergence of various body disorders.
Posture Changes When Wearing High Heels
Wearing high heels makes the body have to adjust posture to maintain balance. Your weight also shifts forward, causing your feet to support an additional 20 percent of your body weight. Leaning forward, namely the hips and knees, makes the body or upper back lean more backward. Likewise, when walking in high heels, the hip and knee muscles that play a big role in every leg movement will work harder. This position also puts more pressure on the knee.
Apart from limiting the movement and strength of the ankle joints, high heels also keep the knees bent while walking.
The Risks Behind High Heels
In the long term, the above posture changes carry the risk of the following diseases.
Pressure on the knees from wearing high heels can be one of the triggers for osteoarthritis. This condition occurs due to the friction of the ends of the bones that make up the joints, causing inflammation and pain.
2. Achilles tendinitis
The Achilles tendon is a connective tissue that plays an important role in the movement of the foot when walking. Wearing high heels continuously and for a long time can cause inflammation of this tendon and lead to tendinitis. This condition occurs due to inflammation of the Achilles tendon or the connective tissue that connects the calf muscles in the lower leg to the heel bone. In addition to tension in the calf muscles when you stretch your leg, this disease is characterized by pain and swelling in the heel when you walk. If it is frequently inflamed or injured, you risk tearing the Achilles tendon. This condition will make you unable to walk.
Shoes with high, pointed heels put excessive pressure on the soles of the feet or just under the toes. This condition can cause acute pain in an area that if not treated immediately will be felt for a long time or even cause fractures in the leg bones.
The added weight on the toes causes the body to lean forward when standing and walking. As a result, there is excessive stress on the knees, hips, and lower back. This change in posture causes sciatica, which is when the sciatic nerve is pinched and causes pain and numbness in the lower legs. If in addition to these symptoms there are other symptoms, such as difficulty controlling urination or bowel movements and weakness in the legs, then you need to immediately see a doctor so that complications do not continue.
5. Plantar fasciitis
Some women who wear high heels often experience shortening of the Achilles tendon due to an elevated heel. Even though this tendon is designed to be able to move flexibly. This condition triggers plantar fasciitis, which is inflammation and pain in the plantar fascia (thick tissue at the bottom of the foot that connects the heel bone to the toes).
6. Crooked toes
Continuous pressure on the soles of the forefoot as a result of wearing high heels, especially those with sharp edges or too small sizes can result in the following foot deformities.
- Hammer toes: when the three middle fingers become bent.
- Bunion: lump of bone in the joint at the base of the big toe.
7. Smooth fracture
Shoes with very high heels can put pressure on the sole and toes and the nerves around them. Continued pressure on these bones can risk triggering a fracture or fine fracture.
8. Sprained ankle
Stilettos or shoes with pointed heels are the most at risk of causing injury. Your weight which only rests on these two sharp ends puts you at a high risk of falls and sprains, especially on slippery floors or roads.
9. Lower back pain
Wearing high heels can change the shape of the spine and cause lower back pain due to stretching of the back muscles or pinching nerves.
In addition to the conditions above, high heels or high heels should not be used too often in pregnant women. The reason is if pregnant women wear high heels too often it is feared that it can make the body and legs feel sore.
Physical examination with supporting examinations with X rays, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), or ultrasound can be used to detect types of diseases or injuries that occur due to wearing high heels.
Stay Healthy in High Heels
Given the many possible risks, should you stop wearing high heels altogether? No need, because there are several steps you can take in order to look stylish while maintaining healthy feet.
- If you wear high heels every day, for example for work, you should choose one that is no more than 2-3 cm. Bring flat footwear to wear during work breaks or on trips to or from home.
- Replace the use of high heels with shoes that are more comfortable, such as sneakers, which allow your feet to move naturally and freely.
- Only occasionally wear heels on special occasions, like parties.
- Avoid choosing high heels with pointy ends or sizes that are too small. Also, instead of stilettos, choose shoes with a wider heel.
- Do leg stretches every day to relax the calf muscles to the toes.
Being selective in choosing high heels and paying attention to when to use them can make you appear confident, but also avoid the risk of injury and illness. If you experience complaints such as severe leg or lower back pain, limp walking or posture changes when walking, tingling or numbness in your feet, weakness in your legs, or complaints of having difficulty passing stools or bending due to excessive use of high heels , it is a sign that you need to immediately get examination and treatment from a doctor.