What Causes Fainting and How to Treat It?
Windowofworld.com – Surely you have heard of school children who fainted during the ceremony. Fainting is a state where a person loses consciousness for a short duration.
This condition can be experienced by anyone and usually before fainting occurs, a person will feel dizzy, weak, and nauseous. Most cases of fainting are not dangerous, but some can be a serious sign. Therefore, you need to consult a doctor if you experience fainting more than once a month.
Causes of Fainting
The cause of fainting is a lack of blood and oxygen intake in the brain. Certain medical conditions can also cause fainting, such as low blood pressure, dehydration, seizures, heart disease, and so on.
Not only medical conditions, certain physical activities can also cause fainting, such as doing draining physical activities when you are hot, coughing too hard, standing too long or too fast, and so on.
Medicines can also trigger fainting, for example, drugs used to treat depression, anxiety, allergies, high blood pressure and so on.
Causes of fainting can also be grouped according to type. In the vasovagal syncope type, fainting is triggered by an emotional trauma or stress that causes blood pressure to drop and oxygen intake to the brain stops.
Meanwhile, in the type of carotid sinus syncope (carotid sinus syncope), the cause of fainting is due to pressure on the carotid artery located in the neck. Usually this can be due to wearing a necklace that is too tight or due to the turning of the head to one side.
First Handling When Fainting
Regardless of the cause of the fainting, the first thing to do is check if the person who is passed out is still breathing and is not injured.
If there are no injuries and the unconscious person is still breathing, you can lift them to a cooler, calmer place. After that, you can lie on your back and lift the patient’s thigh up to the heart, about 30 centimeters. This can help circulate blood flow to the head of the unconscious person.
Another position that can help circulate blood flow is to sit the unconscious person and place his head between his knees.
If the unconscious person has clothes, belts, or other binding objects, remove those items from the person who is unconscious.
When you wake up, don’t immediately wake the person and let them lie down or sit for at least 10-15 minutes. You can give him cool drinking water.
Handling when the unconscious person is not breathing or has an injury
If the unconscious person is not breathing, perform cardiac resuscitation (CPR) immediately on the person who is unconscious and call 118, which is the emergency number for an ambulance. Continue cardiac resuscitation until the ambulance arrives.
You should also call an ambulance immediately if the cause of fainting is due to certain injuries, not being conscious, or experiencing other things, such as chest pain, diabetes, pregnant, irregular heartbeat, and so on.
When Should You Consult a Doctor?
There are many causes for fainting, and is sometimes a symptom of a more serious medical condition. Therefore, you need to consult a doctor immediately if you experience fainting more than once a month.