What is Cardiac Catheterization?
Windowofworld.com – Cardiac catheterization is a medical procedure designed to determine the health condition of your heart. This procedure is also important to do to detect whether there are heart problems and to treat some heart problems.
This procedure is mostly performed to evaluate the health conditions of people who often experience chest pain. Chest pain may be a symptom of coronary heart disease. Apart from chest pain, there are various reasons why doctors perform cardiac catheterization.
Cardiac Catheterization Indications
Here are some uses for cardiac catheterization:
- Evaluates blood flow and oxygen in different parts of your heart.
- Assess the strength of the heart muscle pumping blood throughout the body.
- See how well the heart valves are performing.
- Treat coronary heart disease and heart attacks.
- Planning the right treatment. This is especially true if you are recovering from a heart attack but still have chest pain, have a medical examination that shows that you have heart disease, or you have had a heart attack that caused your heart to seriously damage it.
- Correcting a defective heart with minor surgery.
- Take a sample of your heart muscle to see if you have a heart infection or tumor.
- Check for congenital heart disease in children.
Cardiac Catheterization Procedure
The cardiac catheterization procedure is performed by a cardiologist in a hospital. During cardiac catheterization, you will remain conscious and can follow all directions from your doctor. When you are about to undergo a cardiac catheterization procedure, the medical team will inject a sedative that will make you feel calm.
Then, the cleaning and hair removal process is carried out on the area where the catheter will be inserted, which is a device such as a thin flexible tube. Once clean, the doctor will inject a local anesthetic so you don’t feel pain when the catheterization is done.
The catheterization process begins by making a small hole in the blood vessel, followed by the insertion of a tube in the hole, to keep the opening of the opening. Then, the doctor will insert a guiding wire from the opening of the blood vessels to the chambers of the heart. After that, the catheter is inserted following the guiding wire from the blood vessels to the heart. The lead wire will be pulled and pulled back out, while the catheter remains inside.
Then, the doctor will insert a contrast dye into the catheter. The monitor will record the condition of your heart as seen from the passage of the contrast dye in the blood vessels. The results of this recording will appear on the operating room monitor screen making it easier for the doctor to see the condition of your heart. Finally, the doctor can start doing tests, medication, or any medical action that is needed according to your condition.
During cardiac catheterization, the doctor may also perform a coronary angiogram or cardiac angiography. This procedure is done to find out whether you have a coronary artery disorder or not.
After the cardiac catheterization process is complete, you will be taken to a recovery room for several hours. While in this room, you are required to sleep on your back with your legs straight and not to get out of bed. The medical team will then close the catheterization hole area tightly to stop the bleeding. Your heart rate, pulse, and blood pressure will also be checked.
Any medical action, especially those related to the heart and blood vessels, has risks. Likewise with cardiac catheterization. Here are some of the possible risks:
- Blood clots.
- Allergic reactions to drugs or contrast agents.
- Damage to the arteries and heart tissue.
- Heart rhythm disturbances (arrhythmias).
- Kidney damage.
- Heart attack.
- Embolism or the entry of air into the blood vessels.
If you are referred for cardiac catheterization by your doctor, be prepared to do the best. Usually, you will be asked to fast for at least six hours before the procedure. If you are taking drugs, talk to your doctor about this. Inform your doctor if you have an allergy to drugs or any substance, in order to prevent unwanted things, both during and after cardiac catheterization.