8 Factors That Influence the Duration of Healing Wound
Windowofworld.com – The duration of wound healing for each person is different. This depends on the type of wound, the cause of the wound, and whether the sufferer of the wound is suffering from a particular disease.
The process of healing wounds on the skin follows a stage. The wound may fail to heal if one or several stages of healing are interrupted. The more illnesses suffered and the more complicated the condition of the wound, the duration of wound healing will also be longer.
If the condition is clean and mild, the wound will gradually heal and be covered by skin cells in the 2nd to 4th week.
The wound healing process continues until the 12th week to get enough skin strength. After that, scar tissue or scars will form. In this area, the strength of the skin can only return up to 80% of the original condition.
The final process of wound healing is wound maturation. At this stage, the scar will fade slowly. This final process can take several years, depending on the type of wound.
How to Cure Surgical Injury?
Unlike the healing of minor injuries, the process of healing wound surgery is divided into 3 types, namely:
1. Primary wound healing
Primary wound healing is healing of the wound with a clean condition and all layers of skin covered (after suturing the wound). Primary wound healing requires a short time and only a few scars.
Surgical wound healing incisions made by doctors during surgery fall into this category.
2. Secondary wound healing
Secondary wound healing is healing of wounds that are too dirty and too long. In this condition, the doctor cannot suture the wound, so that the inside of the wound closes but the outside does not. This causes the wound at risk of infection.
3. Healing tertiary wounds
Tertiary wound healing is healing in dirty wounds that are still new. First, the wound will be washed and left open for a while until it is clean, then the wound will be evaluated in 3-5 days. If there are no signs of infection, the wound will be sewn.
The time to heal a surgical wound depends on the type of wound healing and the patient’s health condition. Generally, clean wounds without complications in children and adults will heal within 2 weeks.
Factors That Influence Surgical Wound Healing
The duration of healing of a wound can be predicted. However, there are several factors that can prolong the duration of surgical wound healing, including:
1. Dead skin
The existence of dead skin tissue and foreign bodies in the wound area will slow the wound healing process.
When experiencing an infection in a surgical wound, the body will focus more on fighting infection rather than healing the wound, so wound healing will be hampered.
Bleeding that occurs continuously will make the edge of the wound separate and unable to mesh.
4. Lack of nutrition
Lack of nutritional intake, such as vitamin C, zinc, and protein, can slow wound healing.
5. Certain diseases
Flammer’s syndrome can also make wound healing last longer, because there is a disruption in the blood vessels resulting in reduced oxygen supply to the wound.
Smoking will inhibit wound healing and increase the risk of wound failure to heal.
7. Dry skin
Wounds are more difficult to cure if the surrounding skin is dry. This is because the various cells involved in wound healing require a moist environment to grow.
8. Excess weight
In people who are fat, fat tissue under the skin will inhibit blood flow to the wound. This results in oxygen deprivation of the wound and longer healing.
During the surgical wound healing process, do wound care as directed by a doctor. Some surgical wounds that are sutured also need to be checked by a doctor after some time, to remove the stitches.
The duration of surgical wound healing can vary depending on the condition of the wound and the condition of your body. However, if the surgical wound does not heal until the estimated time the doctor, or if the wound is open again and bleeding or festering, you should immediately consult a doctor.